Manuel Blouin received his Ph.D. degree in ecology in 2005. In 2007, he was recruited as an Assistant Professor at the Biogeochemistry and Ecology of Terrestrial Ecosystems Laboratory (UMR Bioemco, which is now part of the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences of Paris) at the Paris-Est Créteil Université. Blouin will defend his Habilitation degree in October 2013. His interdisciplinary work deals with interactions between plant and soil organisms, especially earthworms. To understand the mechanisms through which earthworms increase plant growth, he developed original experimental devices and used approaches from plant physiology (foliar gas exchanges), molecular biology (gene expression and transcriptome analysis), or biotechnology (mutants, in vitro culture) and more marginal techniques from soil physics and soil chemistry. He showed that signal molecules, especially auxin and ethylene, are involved in the effect of earthworms on plant growth. Blouin is, furthermore, involved in several projects on ecological engineering such as soil restoration in agroecosystems, biological control of plant pathogens, and soil construction from urban wastes for green spaces. He has a strong interest in theoretical questions on ecology, especially for biotic and biotic-abiotic interactions and their evolution.
Biography Updated on 17 October 2013