Michael A. Crawford

Imperial College, United Kingdom

Michael A. Crawford graduated in chemistry at Edinburgh University. His interest in the gap between medicine and chemistry took him to the Royal Postgraduate Medical School where he defined the cause of Hartnup Disease and obtained a Ph.D. degree in chemical pathology. In 1960, he joined Makerere Medical College, Uganda to establish preclinical and clinical chemistry. He helped set up the Muhimbili Medical School in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. He uncovered nutritional causes of adult tropical disorders: aflatoxin in primary hepatoma amd endomyocardial fibrosis, the commonest cause of death from heart failure and volvulus. After a Wellcome Fellowship with Professor Ernst Baranay, Uppsala, Sweden, he returned to London to head Biochemistry at the Nuffield Institute of Comparative Medicine in 1965. He kept his Makerere laboratory till 1972 when he revealed the specific requirement for arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids for brain evolution and function and hence pioneered the omega 3 story. He held a special Chair in Biochemistry, University of Nottingham 1982–92. In 1989, he founded the Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition. He was awarded several honors including the prestigious Danone Chair, University of Ghent, the International Prize for Modern Nutrition, the Hofmann la Roche Centenary Award, and a Gold Medal from the Government of Oman and was recorded in the Hall of Fame at the Royal Society of Medicine in 2010. He was Raporteur and WHO Consultant in the 1978 joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on the role of dietary fats and oils and participated in the 1994 and 2008–2010 consultations. He is a Visiting Professor at Imperial College. His research focuses on the rise in brain disorders and the prevention of neurodevelopmental disorder. He did clinical trials on diabetes in pregnancy. He and his team collaborate internationally with projects on neural nutrition in London, Africa, and China. He has published over 300 scientific papers, three books and several multiauthor books.

Biography Updated on 2 December 2010

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