Gerard Ailhaud is a Full Professor Emeritus of biochemistry, Institut Biologie du Développement & Cancer–IBDC, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France. He obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1963 from the University of Marseilles under the supervision of Pierre Desnuelle. Following postdoctoral studies with P. Roy Vagelos and various research positions, he was appointed in 1968 Assistant Professor at the University of Nice and assumed his current post in 1989. He has made significant contributions to the characterization of adipose precursor cells and adipogenic hormones. He made the original observation that natural fatty acids act as signal transducing molecules and activate adipogenesis, recognized by the European G.B. Morgagni Prize (1991) and the H.E. Wertheimer Award of the International Association for the Study of Obesity (1994). He was awarded in 1999 an Unrestricted Grant from the Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation and identified (i) the metabolic pathway by which arachidonic acid acts in vivo using targeted knock-out mice and (ii) the role played by angiotensinogen secreted from adipose tissue in hypertension. More recently, he participates in the characterisation of stem cells from human adipose tissue able to differentiate into functional brown adipocytes. He is the author or coauthor of more than 300 publications, reviews, and book chapters.
Biography Updated on 30 November 2010