T. M. Dawson received M.D. and Ph.D. degrees. He serves as the Leonard and Madlyn Abramson Professor in neurodegenerative diseases at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He serves as the Director of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's Morris K. Udall Parkinson's Disease Research Center of Excellence and Director of the Neuroregeneration and Stem Cell Programs in the Institute for Cell Engineering. Dr. Dawson is world renowned for his novel contributions on the role of nitric oxide in neuronal injury. Dr. Dawson has won several awards including the Derek Denny-Brown Young Neurological Scholar Award, the Paul Beeson Physician Faculty Scholar Award, the Santiago Grisolia Medal and the ISI Highly Cited Researcher Award. He was elected to the Association of American Physicians and he is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Many advances in neurobiology of disease have stemmed from Dr. Dawson's identification of the mechanisms of neuronal cell death and the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. He pioneered the role of nitric oxide in neuronal injury in stroke and excitotoxicity and elucidated the molecular mechanisms by which nitric oxide and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and apoptosis inducing factor kills neurons. His studies of nitric oxide led to major insights into the neurotransmitter functions of this gaseous messenger molecule. Dr. Dawson has been at the forefront of research into the biology and pathobiology of the proteins and mutant proteins linked to Parkinson’s disease. These studies are providing major insights into understanding the pathogenesis of PD and are providing novel opportunities for therapies aimed at preventing the degenerative process of PD and other neurodegenerative disorders.
Biography Updated on 18 January 2011