Markus Raffel was born in Göttingen, Germany, in 1962. He received his degree in mechanical engineering in 1990 from the Technical University of Karlsruhe, Germany, his Ph.D. degree in engineering in 1993 from the University of Hannover, Germany, and his lecturer qualification (Habilitation degree) from the Technical University Clausthal, Germany, in 2001. He started working at the German Aerospace Establishment (DLR) in 1991 with emphasis on the development of the optical flow diagnostic technique Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) for aerodynamic applications with Dr. Kompenhans. Since 1993, he has been a Lecturer during the annual courses on PIV in Göttingen. During a foreign research period at the California Institute of Technology (CIT) in 1994, he developed the Dual-Plane PIV technique together with Professor Gharib. In the same year, Raffel was a corecipient of the Helmholtz-Price for computer science and mathematic for measurement techniques, from the Physikalisch-Technischen Bundesanstalt given for that work. In 1997, he wrote the Springer book PIV—A Practical Guide with Dr. Willert and Dr. Kompenhans (second edition 2007) which was honored with the Science-Price of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in 1998. As part of the Higher Harmonic Control Aeroacoustic Rotor (HART) Test & Analysis Team, Raffel received the Howard Hughes Award of the American Helicopter Society for an outstanding improvement in fundamental helicopter technology in 2004. In the same year, he studied the effect of the laminar separation bubble on the dynamic stall on a pitching airfoil in the frame of a Poste Rouge given by French CNRS at the Laboratoire d’Aerodynamique et de Biomechanique du Mouvement in Marseille, together with Professor Favier. From 2001 until 2010, he headed the Department of Technical Flows of DLR. Today, he is a Professor for aerodynamics at the University of Hannover and leads the Department of Helicopters of DLR's Institute of Aerodynamic and Flow Technology in Göttingen.
Biography Updated on 20 April 2010