Philip J. Bushnell

U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, USA

Philip J. Bushnell has been active in behavioral toxicology for most of his scientific career. Graduate work in the 1970s at the Harlow Primate Laboratory at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wis, USA, on the effects of perinatal exposure to dietary lead in rhesus monkeys introduced him to the concepts and approaches involved, including the bafflingly complicated interactions among exposure, measurement of dose, and assessment of behavior in a developing animal. Mostly, this experience generated an enduring fascination for cognitive function and how it can be assessed by careful, quantitative analysis of behavior. A subsequent postdoc in the Biochemistry Department at UW (1978–1981) taught him a great deal about nutritional research in rats and the pharmacokinetics of metals. A junior faculty position at New York University Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine (1981–1985) expanded his horizons in several ways, including learning techniques for exposing mice, pigeons, and monkeys to volatile chemicals by inhalation, programming PDP-8 minicomputers and becoming aware of the balance between the utility of anthropogenic chemicals and the occupational and environmental impacts of their production. He was appointed to the Neurotoxicology Division of the US EPA’s National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory in North Carolina in 1985 where, as a Research Toxicologist, he has pursued his interests with experimental work in rodents on the effects of various chemicals on learning, memory, and attention. Dr. Bushnell has been a frequent participant in meetings of the Society for Neuroscience, the Society of Toxicology, Behavioral Toxicology Society, and Neurobehavioral Teratology Society. He served as President of the Behavioral Toxicology Society (1998–2000), and presently serves as Editor-in-Chief of Neurotoxicology and Teratology. He joined the 25-year member class of the Society of Toxicology in 2007.

Biography Updated on 21 August 2011

Scholarly Contributions [Data Provided by scopus]