Prof. Antonio Bianconi has introduced new physical methods for complex matter structure using synchrotron radiation like, X-ray-Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL), 1978 and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES), 1980, and unconventional photoemission methods. He has realized the first facilty for soft x-ray spectroscopy at the Frascati 1GeV electro-synchrotron in 1972, and worked in many synchrotron radiation facilities around the world (Stanford, Orsay, Tsukuba). He has unveiled local structural features relevant for their functionality in cuprate superconductors, manganites, vanadium oxides, valence fluctuating compounds, cerium oxide, graphite and catalysts and metallo-proteins. He has provided the first direct experimental identification after the Alex Muller discovery of high Tc superconductors that the carriers in doped cuprates, giving high temperature superconductivity, are holes in oxygen orbital in 1987. He has showed the polymorphism of the CuO2 lattice at a short-range scale and a short time scale by EXAFS and resonant x-ray scattering. Recently he is developing the scanning micro-x-ray diffraction for a real space mapping a lattice fluctuations in single crystals due to dopants self organization published in Nature (2010) and Nature Materials (2011). He has been a pioneer of synchrotron radiation research for material science in Italy and it is well known at international level. Associate professor at University of Camerino, Chair of Physics at Sapienza University of Rome. Visiting professor at Paris VII (France), University of Tokyo. He is the chairman of the series of conferences on "Stripes and high temperature superconductivity” since 1996. Now he is director of the Rome International Center for Materials Science, Superstripes (RICMASS) located in Rome.
Biography Updated on 12 March 2013