Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 8 (2001), Issue 1, Pages 19-28
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/MBD.2001.19

Knigth's Move in the Periodic Table, From Copper to Platinum, Novel Antitumor Mixed Chelate Copper Compounds, Casiopeinas, Evaluated by an in Vitro Human and Murine Cancer Cell Line Panel

1Inorganic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry, UNAM, Mexico City Z.P. 04510, Mexico
2Animal Experimentation Unit, Faculty of Chemistry, UNAM, Z.P. 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
3National Cancer Institute-Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We synthesized a novel anticancer agents based on mixed chelate copper (II) complexes, named Casiopeínas® has of general formula [Cu(N-N)(N-O)H2O]NO3 (where, N-N = diimines as 1,10- phenanthroline, 2,2-bipyridine, or substituted and N-O=aminoeidate or [Cu(N-N)(O-O)H2O]NO3 (where NN= diimines as 10-phenanthroline, 2,2-bipyridine or substituted Casiopeínas I, II, IV, V, VI, VII VIII and O-O=acetylacetonate, salicylaldehidate Casiopínas III). We evaluated the in vitro antitumor activity using a human cancer cell panel and some nurine cancer cells. Eleven Casiopeinas are evaluated in order to acquire some structure-activity correlations and some monodentated Casiopeinäs analogues; cisplatinum was used as control drug. The 50% growth inhibition observed is, in all cases reach with concentrations of Casiopeina's 10 or 100 times lower than cisplatinum. In a previous work we reported the induction of apoptosis by Casiopeina II. The results indicate that Casiopeinass are a promising new anticancer drug candidates to be developed further toward clinical trials.