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Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 150813, 7 pages
Ataxia, Ophthalmoplegia, and Areflexia: What Would You Think?
1Neurology Department, St Georges Healthcare NHS Trust, London SW17 0QT, UK
2Clinical Neuropathology Department, King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London SE5 9RS, UK
Received 5 March 2012; Accepted 28 April 2012
Academic Editors: A. Atri and A. Fasano
Copyright © 2012 N. Karsan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
We present here a case of carcinomatous meningitis presenting as Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS). There are four further cases described in the literature with evidence of tumour invasion within the central nervous system (CNS) shown either in cerebrospinal fluid examination or on histology. There are further five cases described in which an association between cancer and a Miller Fisher phenotype has been shown. Some of these have identified antiganglioside antibodies in the serum and, in one case, also showed antibodies deposited within the primary tumour itself. This raises a question as to whether there is a paraneoplastic form. It would be informative when further cases present in this way to histologically examine for malignant CNS invasion, and the presence of antiganglioside antibodies in both the malignant primary and areas of nervous system thought to be affected by MFS.