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Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 268647, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/268647
Research Article

Solar System Motions and the Cosmological Constant: A New Approach

INFN-Sezione di Pisa, 56127 Pisa, Italy

Received 11 October 2007; Revised 17 January 2008; Accepted 12 February 2008

Academic Editor: Edmond Craig Dukes

Copyright © 2008 Lorenzo Iorio. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We use the corrections to the Newton-Einstein secular precessions of the longitudes of perihelia ̇ 𝜛 of some planets (Mercury, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn) of the Solar System, phenomenologically estimated as solve-for parameters by the Russian astronomer E. V. Pitjeva in a global fit of almost one century of data with the EPM2004 ephemerides, in order to put on the test the expression for the perihelion precession induced by a uniform cosmological constant Λ in the framework of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter (or Kottler) space-time. We compare such an extra rate to the estimated corrections to the planetary perihelion precessions by taking their ratio for different pairs of planets instead of using one perihelion at a time for each planet separately, as done so far in literature. The answer is negative, even by further rescaling by a factor 10 (and even 100 for Saturn) the errors in the estimated extra precessions of the perihelia released by Pitjeva. Our conclusions hold also for any other metric perturbation having the same dependence on the spatial coordinates, as those induced by other general relativistic cosmological scenarios and by many modified models of gravity. Currently ongoing and planned interplanetary spacecraft-based missions should improve our knowledge of the planets' orbits allowing for more stringent constraints.