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Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 931920, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/931920
Research Article

Possible Measurable Effects of Dark Energy in Rotating Superconductors

1ESA-HQ, European Space Agency, 8-10 rue Mario Nikis, 75015 Paris, France
2School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK

Received 16 March 2009; Accepted 26 June 2009

Academic Editor: Zdzislaw E. Musielak

Copyright © 2009 Clovis Jacinto de Matos and Christian Beck. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We discuss recent laboratory experiments with rotating superconductors and show that three so far unexplained experimentally observed effects (anomalous acceleration signals, anomalous gyroscope signals, Cooper pair mass excess) can be physically explained in terms of a possible interaction of dark energy with Cooper pairs. Our approach is based on a Ginzburg-Landau-like model of electromagnetic dark energy, where gravitationally active photons obtain mass in the superconductor. We show that this model can account simultaneously for the anomalous acceleration and anomalous gravitomagnetic fields around rotating superconductors measured by Tajmar et al. and for the anomalous Cooper pair mass in superconductive Niobium, measured by Cabrera and Tate. It is argued that these three different physical effects are ultimately different experimental manifestations of the simultaneous spontaneous breaking of gauge invariance and of the principle of general covariance in superconductive materials.