Table 3: Testing result’s statistics of the problem ZDT3.

AlgorithmConvergence metricDiversity metric

NSGA-II (real-coded) 0 . 1 1 4 5 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 4 9 4 0 0 . 7 3 8 5 4 0 ± 0 . 0 1 9 7 0 6
NSGA-II (binary-coded) 0 . 0 4 3 4 1 1 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 . 5 7 5 6 0 6 ± 0 . 0 0 5 0 7 8
SPEA 0 . 0 4 7 5 1 7 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 4 7 0 . 6 7 2 9 3 8 ± 0 . 0 0 3 5 8 7
PAES 0 . 0 2 3 8 7 2 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 . 7 8 9 9 2 0 ± 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 3
PDEAN/A 0 . 6 2 3 8 1 2 ± 0 . 0 0 0 2 2 5
MODE 0 . 0 2 1 5 6 0 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
MTVDE 0 . 0 0 6 0 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 . 6 0 4 4 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 0 3 2 6