Table 6: Testing result’s statistics of the problems SCH, DTLZ1, and DTLZ2.

ProblemAlgorithmConvergence metricDiversity metric

SCHNSGA-II 0 . 0 0 7 6 ± 6 . 2 0 2 3 𝑒 0 0 8 0 . 8 4 7 1 ± 1 . 9 2 5 3 𝑒 0 0 4
MTVDE 0 . 0 0 8 4 ± 1 . 2 2 9 6 𝑒 0 0 7 0 . 8 7 2 8 ± 8 . 0 5 4 7 𝑒 0 0 5
DTLZ1NSGA-II 7 . 4 5 9 2 0 0 ± 1 2 . 4 2 2 1 0 1 . 0 2 0 5 0 ± 0 . 0 0 5 9 0 0
MTVDE 0 . 0 2 3 2 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 . 7 7 4 9 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 2 3 0 0
DTLZ2NSGA-II 0 . 6 5 9 1 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 . 9 1 4 3 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 2 7 0 0
MTVDE 0 . 5 1 2 9 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 . 6 4 7 0 0 0 ± 0 . 0 0 1 5 0 0