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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 279843, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/279843
Research Article

Some Properties of a Generalized Class of Analytic Functions Related with Janowski Functions

1Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University, 23200 Mardan, Pakistan
2Department of Mathematics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, 44000 Islamabad, Pakistan
3Department of Mathematics, GC University, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan

Received 9 February 2012; Accepted 12 March 2012

Academic Editor: Muhammad Aslam Noor

Copyright © 2012 M. Arif et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We define a class [, , ] of analytic functions by using Janowski’s functions which generalizes a number of classes studied earlier such as the class of strongly close-to-convex functions. Some properties of this class, including arc length, coefficient problems, and a distortion result, are investigated. We also discuss the growth of Hankel determinant problem.

1. Introduction

Let be the class of analytic functions satisfying the condition , in the open unit disc . Let and be analytic in . Then the function is said to be subordinate to , written as if there exists an analytic function in with and such that in . If is univalent in , then is equivalent to and .

A function , analytic in with is said to be in the class , if and only if It is noted that for , the class reduces to the class which was introduced by Janowski [1], and for , , and , we obtain the well-known class of functions with positive real part. Now, we consider the generalized class of Janowski functions which is defined as follows.

A function if and only if where , and . It is clear that and , the well-known class given and studied by Pinchuk [2].

We define the following classes as For ,, and , we obtain the well-known classes of bounded boundary rotation and bounded radius rotation , for details [38]. The classes and have been extensively studied by Noor in [911]. Also and , where and are the classes studied by Polatoğlu in [12].

Throughout in this paper, we assume that unless otherwise mentioned.

Definition 1.1. Let , then if and only if, for , there exists a function such that For is the class of strongly close-to-convex functions of order in the sense of Pommerenke [13]. Also is the class of close-to-convex functions, see [14].

In [15], the th Hankel determinant , for a function is stated by Noonan and Thomas as follows.

Definition 1.2. Let , then the th Hankel determinant of is defined for by

The Hankel determinant plays an important role, for instance, in the study of the singularities by Hadamard, see [16, page 329], Edrei [17] and in the study of power series with integral coefficients by Pólya [18, page 323], Cantor [19], and many others.

In this paper, we will determine the rate of growth of the Hankel determinant for , as . This determinant has been considered by several authors. That is, Noor [20] determined the rate of growth of as for a function belongs to the class . Pommerenke in [21] studied the Hankel determinant for starlike functions. The Hankel determinant problem for other interesting classes of analytic functions was discussed by Noor [2224].

Lemma 1.3. Let . Let the th Hankel determinant of for , be defined by (1.5). Then, writting , we have where with , one defines, for ,

Lemma 1.4. With and any integer,

Lemmas 1.3 and 1.4 are due to Noonan and Thomas [15].

Lemma 1.5. A function if and only if there exist two functions   and such that

Using the definition of class and simple calculations yields the above result.

Lemma 1.6. Let , then with

This result follows easily by using Lemma 1.5 and a result for the class due to Polatoğlu et al. [12]. This result is best possible.

2. Some Properties of the Class

Theorem 2.1. The function if and only if there exist two functions such that

Proof. From (1.4), we have where and . Using (1.10), we obtain with and , which completes the required result.

Theorem 2.2. Let then for , where is the root of with and .

Proof. From (1.4), we have Since, therefore using (1.9), we have Differentiating logarithmically (2.6) with respect to , we obtain Using the well-known results for the classes and we have where and . Let then and for and therefore, there exists a root . This completes the proofs.

Theorem 2.3. Let , then for , and , where is a constant depending upon , andonly.

Proof. With , Since, therefore by using (1.9) with , we have Using the well-known Holder’s inequality, with and such that and ,we can write Also, it is known [13] that, for , Therefore, Therefore, we have Since , for , therefore which is the required result.

Theorem 2.4. Let , then for , and ,

Proof. By Cauchy’s theorem, we have Now putting , we have which is required.

Theorem 2.5. Let , then

Proof. Since therefore Using Lemma 1.5 and the well-known distortion result of class we obtain the required result.

Theorem 2.6. Let , then for , and , where , and is a constant depending on , and only.

Proof. From (1.4), we have where . It follows easily from Alexander type relation that Using (1.9) with , we have Therefore, Let , then for any nonzero complex and , consider as defined by (1.7). Then, and by using (2.27), we have where we have used the result proved in [25]. The well-known Holder’s inequality will give us Using (2.14) in (2.30), we obtain Therefore, we can write Now, using a subordination result for starlike functions, we have where is a constant depending on only and . Applying Lemma 1.4 and putting , we have for , where is a constant depending on , and only. We now estimate the rate of growth of . For and For , we use similar argument due to Noonan and Thomas [15] together with Lemma 1.3 to have and depends only on , and .

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