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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 493271, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/493271
Research Article

Monotone-Iterative Method for the Initial Value Problem with Initial Time Difference for Differential Equations with “Maxima”

Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Plovdiv University, Tzar Asen 24, 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Received 13 February 2012; Accepted 6 March 2012

Academic Editor: Josef Diblík

Copyright © 2012 S. Hristova and A. Golev. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The object of investigation of the paper is a special type of functional differential equations containing the maximum value of the unknown function over a past time interval. An improved algorithm of the monotone-iterative technique is suggested to nonlinear differential equations with “maxima.” The case when upper and lower solutions of the given problem are known at different initial time is studied. Additionally, all initial value problems for successive approximations have both initial time and initial functions different. It allows us to construct sequences of successive approximations as well as sequences of initial functions, which are convergent to the solution and to the initial function of the given initial value problem, respectively. The suggested algorithm is realized as a computer program, and it is applied to several examples, illustrating the advantages of the suggested scheme.