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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 152174, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/152174
Research Article

Modeling Complex Systems with Particles Refuge by Thermostatted Kinetic Theory Methods

Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche, Politecnico, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy

Received 7 September 2013; Accepted 5 October 2013

Academic Editor: Luca Guerrini

Copyright © 2013 Carlo Bianca. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the mathematical modeling of complex systems characterized by particles refuge. Specifically the paper focuses on the derivation and moments analysis of thermostatted kinetic frameworks with conservative and nonconservative interactions for closed and open complex systems at nonequilibrium. Applications and future research perspectives are discussed in the last section of the paper.