Table 1: The ecological vulnerability index system of the wood-grass ecotone of Northeast China.

Destination layerCriterion layerIndex layerData source

Soil erosion sensitivity indexPrecipitation
Soil texture
Soil organic matter
Ecological vulnerabilityEcological suitability index  Soil desertification sensitivity indexPrecipitation
Annual accumulated Temperature ( 0°C)
Windy days in winter and spring ( 6 m/s)
Landscape pattern indexLandscape unit plaques density LUCC
Landscape evenness index
Land resources utilization degree indexLand utilization degree composite index