Table 1: The ecological vulnerability index system of the wood-grass ecotone of Northeast China.

Destination layerCriterion layerIndex layerData source

Soil erosion sensitivity indexPrecipitation
DEM
Soil texture
Soil organic matter
LUCC
Ecological vulnerabilityEcological suitability index  Soil desertification sensitivity indexPrecipitation
Annual accumulated Temperature ( 0°C)
Windy days in winter and spring ( 6 m/s)
NDVI
Landscape pattern indexLandscape unit plaques density LUCC
Landscape evenness index
Land resources utilization degree indexLand utilization degree composite index