- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 245905, 5 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/245905

## Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions to a Linear Volterra Integrodifferential System

College of Mathematics and Information Science, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330022, China

Received 24 July 2013; Accepted 18 September 2013

Academic Editor: Josef Diblík

Copyright © 2013 Yue-Wen Cheng and Hui-Sheng Ding. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

We investigate the asymptotic behavior of solutions to a linear Volterra integrodifferential system , We show that under some suitable conditions, there exists a solution for the above integrodifferential system, which is asymptotically equivalent to some given functions. Two examples are given to illustrate our theorem.

#### 1. Introduction

Throughout this paper, we denote by the set of positive integers, by the set of all real numbers, by the set of all nonnegative real numbers, and by the set of all -dimensional real vectors. Moreover, denotes the Banach space of all bounded and continuous functions with the norm where for .

The aim of this paper is to study some asymptotic behavior of solutions to the following linear Volterra integrodifferential system: where and , are all continuous functions.

*Definition 1. *We call a solution of system (2) if is continuously differentiable and satisfies (2).

The asymptotic behavior of solutions has been an important and interesting topic in the qualitative theory of differential and difference equations. Especially, recently, many authors have made interesting and important contributions on the asymptotic behavior of solutions for Volterra type difference equations (e.g., we refer the reader to [1–10] and references therein).

Very recently, Diblík and Schmeidel [6] obtained a very interesting result concerning the asymptotic behavior of solutions for the following linear Volterra difference equation: More specifically, they proved that for every admissible constant , there exists a solution of (3) such that where . However, to the best of our knowledge, it seems that there is no literature concerning such asymptotic behavior of solutions for Volterra type differential equations. That is the main motivation of this paper. In this paper, we will adopt the idea in the proof of [6] to investigate some asymptotic behaviors of solutions for Volterra differential system (2).

#### 2. Main Result

Before establishing our main result, we first give an “Arzela-Ascoli” type theorem for the subsets of .

Lemma 2. *Let , satisfying (i) is uniformly bounded; (ii) is equiuniformly continuous on every compact subset of ; (iii) for every , there exist and such that for all and . Then is precompact in . *

*Proof. *By the condition (iii), for every , there exist such that
for all and .

Let be a sequence in . By (i) and (ii), it follows from Arzela-Ascoli theorem that for every , there exists a subsequence such that is uniformly convergent on . Then, by choosing the diagonal sequence, we can get a subsequence such that, for every , is uniformly convergent on .

It remains to show that is uniformly convergent on . For every , choose with . Since is uniformly convergent on , for the above , there exists such that
for all ; Combining this with (5), we conclude that
for all , that is, is uniformly convergent on . This completes the proof.

Throughout the rest of this paper, for every , we assume that where

Theorem 3. *Assume that
**
Let with for all and . Then, there exists a solution of system (2) such that
**
provided that .*

*Proof. *We define that
for all and . Moreover, we define an operator on
by
for and . It is easy to see that is a nonempty, closed, and convex set in . Next, we divide the remaining proof into two steps.*Step 1. *, is continuous, and is compact.

Let . We have
In addition, since , we have
Then, it follows that
for all and . Thus, we conclude that .

For every , there exists a constant such that for all with , we have
which means that is continuous.

Next, we show that is precompact. Firstly, for every , we have
which means that is uniformly bounded. Secondly, for every , and , we have
which yields that is equiuniformly continuous on every compact subsets of . Thirdly, by the definition of , for every , there exists such that for all and , we have
which yields that
and thus . Then, by Lemma 2, we know that is precompact.*Step 2.* By Step 1 and Schauder's fixed-point theorem, has a fixed point in ; that is, there exists such that
for all and . Noting that
we have
for all and . Then, it is easy to see that
Combining this with
we have
that is,

Now, define a function by
It follows from (23) that
which yields that
Then, we get
which means that is a solution to system (2). In addition, combining (28) with the assumption
we get
which yields (11).

*Example 4. *Let , and for all ,
Then, for all , we have ,
In addition, it is easy to see that

Thus, by Theorem 3, we conclude that for every , there exists a solution for (2) such that

*Remark 5. *It is needed to note that in the above example, is not a solution to (2).

*Example 6. *Consider the following system:
where
for all , and . By a direct calculation, we get
Moreover, we have
Then, by Theorem 3, for every with and , there exists a solution of system (40) such that

#### Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

#### Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Professor Diblík and two anonymous referees for their valuable suggestions and comments. In addition, Hui-Sheng Ding acknowledges support from the NSF of China (11101192), the Program for Cultivating Young Scientist of Jiangxi Province (20133BCB23009), and the NSF of Jiangxi Province; Yue-Wen Cheng acknowledges support from the Graduate Innovation Fund of Jiangxi Province.

#### References

- J. A. D. Applelby, I. Győri, and D. W. Reynolds, “On exact convergence rates for solutions of linear systems of Volterra difference equations,”
*Journal of Difference Equations and Applications*, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1257–1275, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Diblík, E. Schmeidel, and M. Růžičková, “Existence of asymptotically periodic solutions of system of Volterra difference equations,”
*Journal of Difference Equations and Applications*, vol. 15, no. 11-12, pp. 1165–1177, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Diblík, M. Růžičková, and E. Schmeidel, “Existence of asymptotically periodic solutions of scalar Volterra difference equations,”
*Tatra Mountains Mathematical Publications*, vol. 43, pp. 51–61, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Diblík, E. Schmeidel, and M. Růžičková, “Asymptotically periodic solutions of Volterra system of difference equations,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 2854–2867, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Diblík, E. Schmeidel, M. Růžičková, and M. Zbaszyniak, “Weighted asymptotically periodic solutions of linear Volterra difference equations,”
*Abstract and Applied Analysis*, vol. 2011, Article ID 370982, 14 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - J. Diblík and E. Schmeidel, “On the existence of solutions of linear Volterra difference equations asymptotically equivalent to a given sequence,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 218, no. 18, pp. 9310–9320, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - I. Győri and D. W. Reynolds, “On asymptotically periodic solutions of linear discrete Volterra equations,”
*Fasciculi Mathematici*, no. 44, pp. 53–67, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - W. Long and W.-H. Pan, “Asymptotically almost periodic solution to a class of Volterra difference equations,”
*Advances in Difference Equations*, vol. 2012, article 199, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - R. Medina, “Asymptotic behavior of solutions of Volterra difference equations with finite linear part,”
*Nonlinear Studies*, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 87–95, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Medina, “Asymptotic behavior of Volterra difference equations,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 41, no. 5-6, pp. 679–687, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet