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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 758676, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/758676
Research Article

Amplitude Modulation and Synchronization of Fractional-Order Memristor-Based Chua's Circuit

1Department of Engineering Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
2NISC Research Center, Nile University, Egypt
3Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia
4School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 19 July 2013; Accepted 14 October 2013

Academic Editor: Bashir Ahmad

Copyright © 2013 A. G. Radwan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a general synchronization technique and an amplitude modulation of chaotic generators. Conventional synchronization and antisynchronization are considered a very narrow subset from the proposed technique where the scale between the output response and the input response can be controlled via control functions and this scale may be either constant (positive, negative) or time dependent. The concept of the proposed technique is based on the nonlinear control theory and Lyapunov stability theory. The nonlinear controller is designed to ensure the stability and convergence of the proposed synchronization scheme. This technique is applied on the synchronization of two identical fractional-order Chua's circuit systems with memristor. Different examples are studied numerically with different system parameters, different orders, and with five alternative cases where the scaling functions are chosen to be positive/negative and constant/dynamic which covers all possible cases from conventional synchronization to the amplitude modulation cases to validate the proposed concept.