- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 763756, 7 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/763756

## A Study of a Certain Subclass of Hurwitz-Lerch-Zeta Function Related to a Linear Operator

Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE

Received 8 July 2013; Accepted 23 August 2013

Academic Editor: Mohamed Amal Aouf

Copyright © 2013 F. Ghanim. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

By using a linear operator with Hurwitz-Lerch-Zeta function, which is defined here by means of the Hadamard product (or convolution), the author investigates interesting properties of certain subclasses of meromorphically univalent functions in the punctured unit disk .

#### 1. Introduction

A meromorphic function is a single-valued function that is analytic in all but possibly a discrete subset of its domain, and at those singularities, it must go to infinity like a polynomial (i.e., these exceptional points must be poles and not essential singularities). A simpler definition states that a meromorphic function is a function of the form where and are entire functions with (see [1, page 64]). A meromorphic function therefore may only have finite-order, isolated poles and zeros and no essential singularities in its domain. A meromorphic function with an infinite number of poles is exemplified by on the punctured disk . An equivalent definition of a meromorphic function is a complex analytic map to the Riemann sphere. Another definition for a meromorphic function is the following (see [2]).

*Definition 1. *A function on an open set is meromorphic if there exists a discrete set of points such that is holomorphic on and has poles at each . Furthermore, is meromorphic in the extended complex plane if is either meromorphic or holomorphic at . In this case, we say that has a pole or is holomorphic at infinity.

*Example 2. *The Gamma function is meromorphic in the whole complex plane.

*Example 3. *All rational functions such as
are meromorphic on the whole complex plane.

*Example 4. *The functions and are meromorphic on the whole complex plane.

*Example 5. *The function is defined in the whole complex plane except for the origin . However, is not a pole of this function, rather an essential singularity. Thus, this function is not meromorphic in the whole complex plane.

*Example 6. *The complex logarithm function is not meromorphic on the whole complex plane, as it cannot be defined on the whole complex plane except for an isolated set of points.

The aim of this paper is to investigate interesting properties of certain subclasses of meromorphically univalent functions with linear operator which are defined here by means of the Hadamard product (or convolution) in the punctured unit disk .

#### 2. Preliminaries

Let denote the class of meromorphic functions normalized by which are analytic in the punctured unit disk . For , we denote by and the subclasses of consisting of all meromorphic functions which are, respectively, starlike of order and convex of order in .

For functions defined by we denote the Hadamard product (or convolution) of and by

Let us define the function by for , and , where is the Pochhammer symbol. We note that where is the well-known Gaussian hypergeometric function.

We recall here a general Hurwitz-Lerch-Zeta function, which is defined in [3, 4] by the following series: .

Important special cases of the function include, for example, the Riemann Zeta function , the Hurwitz Zeta function , the Lerch Zeta function , , and the polylogarithm . Recent results on can be found in the expositions [5, 6]. By making use of the following normalized function we define .

Corresponding to the functions and using the Hadamard product for , we define a new linear operator on by the following series: .

The meromorphic functions with the generalized hypergeometric functions were considered recently by many others; see, for example, [7–12].

It follows from (11) that

We denote by the class of all functions such that where satisfies the following condition: where and are real numbers such that , , and with .

To establish our main results, we need the following lemmas.

Lemma 7 (see [13]). *Let be a set in the complex plane and let the function satisfy the condition for all real . If is analytic in with and , , then . *

Lemma 8 (see [14]). *If is analytic in with , and if with , then , implies , where is given by
**
which is increasing function of and . The estimate is sharp in the sense that the bound cannot be improved.**For real or complex numbers , , , , the Gauss hypergeometric function is defined by
**
One notes that the above series converges absolutely for and hence represents an analytic function in the unit disc (see, for details, [15, Chapter 14]).*

Each of the identities (asserted by Lemma 9) is fairly well known (cf., e.g., [15, Chapter 14]).

Lemma 9. *For real or complex parameters , , , , then
**,
*

#### 3. Main Results

Theorem 10. *Let , and . Then
**, where the function satisfies condition (14).*

*Proof. *Let , and we define the function by
Then is analytic in and . If we set
then by the hypothesis . Differentiating (19) and using the identity (12), we have
Let us define the function by
Using (21) and the fact that , we obtain
Now for all real , we have
Hence for each , . Thus by Lemma 7, we have , and hence
This proves Theorem 10.

Corollary 11. *Let the functions and be in , and let satisfy condition (14). If , , and
**, , then
*

*Proof. *We have
Since making use of (27) and (19) (for ), we deduce that

Corollary 12. *Let with and . If satisfies the following condition:
**, then
**Further, if , , and satisfies
**
then
*

*Proof. *The results (19) and (20) follow by putting in Theorem 10 and Corollary 11, respectively.

*Remark 13. *(i) Putting and in Corollary 12, we have that
implies

(ii) For with , , and in Corollary 12, we have that
implies

Choosing and appropriately in Corollary 12, we obtain the following results.

(iii) For , , and in Corollary 12, we have that
implies

(iv) For with , , , and in Corollary 12, we have that
implies

(v) Replacing by in the result (ii), we have that
implies

(vi) For with , , , and in Corollary 12, we have that
implies

Theorem 14. *Let with and . If satisfies the following condition:
**
then
**
where
*

*Proof. *Let
Then is analytic in with . Differentiating with respect to and using the identity (12), we obtain
so that by the hypothesis (47), we have
In view Lemma 8, this implies that
where
Putting , we have
Using (17)-(18), we obtain

Thus the proof of Theorem 14 is complete.

Corollary 15. *Let , with . If satisfies
**, then
**
where
*

*Proof. *The result follows by using the identity

*Remark 16. *(i) We note that if , , and in Corollary 15, that is,
then (32) implies that
whereas if satisfies condition (61); then, by using Theorem 14, we have
which is better than (61).

(ii) We observe that if satisfying and
Then, from Theorem 10 (for ), we have that
implies
whenever
Let ; then, from (66), we have that implies
whenever

In the following theorem, we will extend the above results as follows.

Theorem 17. *Suppose that the functions and are in , and suppose that satisfies condition (14). If
**, then
*

*Proof. *Let
Then is analytic in with . Putting
we observe that by hypothesis , in . A simple computation shows that
where
Using the hypothesis (70), we obtain
Now, for all real , we have
This shows that for each .

Hence by Lemma 7, we have that this proves (71). The proof of (72) follows by using (71) and (72) in the identity:
This completes the proof of Theorem 17.

*Remark 18. *(i) Putting , , and in Theorem 17 for all , we obtain that
implies and

(ii) For , , and in Theorem 17 for all , we have that
implies

#### References

- S. G. Krantz, “Meromorphic functions and singularities at infinity,” in
*Handbook of Complex Variables*, pp. 63–68, Birkhuser, Boston, Mass, USA, 1999. - K. Knopp, “Meromorphic functions,” in
*Theory of Functions Parts I and II, Two Volumes Bound as One, Part II*, chapter 2, pp. 34–57, Dover, New York, NY, USA, 1996. - H. M. Srivastava and A. A. Attiya, “An integral operator associated with the Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function and differential subordination,”
*Integral Transforms and Special Functions*, vol. 18, no. 3-4, pp. 207–216, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - H. M. Srivastava and J. Choi,
*Series Associated with the Zeta and Related Functions*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001. View at MathSciNet - H. M. Srivastava, D. Jankov, T. K. Pogány, and R. K. Saxena, “Two-sided inequalities for the extended Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 516–522, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - H. M. Srivastava, R. K. Saxena, T. K. Pogány, and R. Saxena, “Integral and computational representations of the extended Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function,”
*Integral Transforms and Special Functions*, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 487–506, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Dziok and H. M. Srivastava, “Certain subclasses of analytic functions associated with the generalized hypergeometric function,”
*Integral Transforms and Special Functions*, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 7–18, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Ghanim and M. Darus, “A new class of meromorphically analytic functions with applications to the generalized hypergeometric functions,”
*Abstract and Applied Analysis*, vol. 2011, Article ID 159405, 10 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - F. Ghanim and M. Darus, “Some properties of certain subclass of meromorphically multivalent functions defined by linear operator,”
*Journal of Mathematics and Statistics*, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 34–41, 2010. View at Scopus - F. Ghanim and M. Darus, “New subclass of multivalent hypergeometric meromorphic functions,”
*International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics*, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 269–280, 2010. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J.-L. Liu and H. M. Srivastava, “Certain properties of the Dziok-Srivastava operator,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 159, no. 2, pp. 485–493, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J.-L. Liu and H. M. Srivastava, “Classes of meromorphically multivalent functions associated with the generalized hypergeometric function,”
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 21–34, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. S. Miller and P. T. Mocanu,
*Differential Subordinations: Theory and Applications*, vol. 225 of*Monographs and Textbooks in Pure and Applied Mathematics*, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 2000. View at MathSciNet - S. Ponnusamy, “Differential subordination and Bazilevič functions,”
*Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 169–186, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - E. T. Whittaker and G. N. Watson,
*A Course of Modern Analysis: An Introduction to the General Theory of Infinite Processes and of Analytic Functions; With an Account of the Principal Transcendental Functions*, Cambridge Mathematical Library, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 4th edition, 1996. View at MathSciNet