- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 783098, 7 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/783098

## Complete Controllability of Impulsive Stochastic Integrodifferential Systems in Hilbert Space

^{1}School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou 545006, China^{2}School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266510, China

Received 11 April 2013; Accepted 23 June 2013

Academic Editor: G. M. N'Guérékata

Copyright © 2013 Xisheng Dai and Feng Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

This paper concerns the complete controllability of the impulsive stochastic integrodifferential systems in Hilbert space. Based on the semigroup theory and Burkholder-Davis-Gundy's inequality, sufficient conditions of the complete controllability for impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems are established by using the Banach fixed point theorem. An example for the stochastic wave equation with impulsive effects is presented to illustrate the utility of the proposed result.

#### 1. Introduction

It is well known that controllability is one of the fundamental concepts and plays an important role in control theory and engineering. The problem which is about controllability of linear and nonlinear stochastic systems represented by SODE (stochastic ordinary differential equation) in finite dimensional space has been extensively studied (e.g., [1–4] and references therein). The controllability for infinite dimensional stochastic systems represented by SPDE (stochastic partial differential equation) is natural generalization of stochastic systems in finite dimensional space [5]. According to the literature, at least three types of infinite dimensional stochastic systems have been studied, that is, approximate, complete, and -controllability [6], so the controllability research of the infinite dimensional stochastic systems is usually more complicated than that of the finite dimensional. For linear stochastic system, the controllability problem has been studied by some authors [6, 7], which is shown as the following SPDE: where is -measurable, is separable Hilbert space, is the infinitesimal generator of a strongly continuous semigroup on , , is feedback control, is -Wiener process, and. For nonlinear stochastic systems in infinite dimensional space, there are also many results on the controllability theory (see [8–13]).

On the other hand, the impulsive effects exist widely in many evolution processes in which the states are changed abruptly at certain moments of time, involving fields such as finance, economics, mechanics, electronics, and telecommunications (see [14] and references of therein). Impulsive differential systems have emerged as an important area investigation in applied sciences, and many papers have been published about the controllability of impulsive differential systems both in finite and infinite dimensional space. Sakthivel et al. [15] established the sufficient conditions for approximate controllability of nonlinear impulsive differential systems by Schauder’s fixed point theorem; Li et al. [16] investigated the complete controllability of the first-order impulsive functional differential systems in Banach space using Schaefer’s fixed point theorem; Chang [17] studied the complete controllability of impulsive functional differential systems with infinite delay; Sakthivel et al. [18] discussed complete controllability of second-order nonlinear impulsive differential systems. However, the complete controllability problem of impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems has not been investigated in infinite dimensional space yet, to the best of our knowledge, although [19–22], respectively, investigated the controllability of impulsive stochastic control systems in finite dimensional space by using contraction mapping principle; and Subalakshmi and Balachandran [23] studied the approximate controllability of nonlinear stochastic impulsive systems in Hilbert spaces by using Nussbaum’s fixed point theorem. Based on Banach fixed point theorem, the proposed work in this paper on the complete controllability of the integro-differential stochastic systems with impulsive effects in Hilbert spaces is new in the literature.

In this paper, our main purpose is to show the complete controllability of following impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems in Hilbert space, where , , are measurable mappings. , , , where and denote the right and left limits of at , respectively. Also represents the jump in the state at time with determining the size of the jump. For systems (2), if , the controllability problem was studied by Subalakshmi et al. [11]. If and , , [15] discussed the approximate controllability problem. When , are matrices with appropriate dimensions, , are vectors (in fact, matrix is aspecial form of operator), and , Karthikeyan et al. [19] obtained the controllability results, so system (2) is of the more general form and has great diversity.

The outline of this paper is as follows: Section 2 contains basic notations, lemmas, and preliminary facts. The controllability results are given in Section 3 by fixed point methods. In Section 4, we provide an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. Finally, conclusions are given in Section 5.

#### 2. Preliminaries

Let be a complete probability space with a filtration satisfying the usual conditions (i.e., it is right continuous and contains all -null sets). We consider three Hilbert spaces , , and , and a -Wiener process on with the covariance operator such that . Let and denote inner product and norm of , respectively. is the space of all linear bounded operator from a Hilbert space to a Hilbert space . We also employ the same notation for the norm of . We assume that there exists a complete orthonormal in , a bounded sequence of nonnegative real numbers such that , , and a sequence of independent Brownian motions such that and , where is the -algebra generated by . Let be the space of all Hilbert-Schmidt operator from to with the inner product and the norm . is the Hilbert space of all -measurable square integrable random variables with values in Hilbert space . is the Hilbert space of square integrable and -adapted processes with values in .

Let is a function from into such that is continuous at , left continuous at , and the right limit exists for . is the closed subspace of consisting of measurable and -adapted -valued(-valued) process endowed with the norm .

By a solution of system (2), we mean a mild solution of the following nonlinear integral equation: where , denotes the strongly continuous semigroup generated by the operator .

Now let us introduce the controllability operator associated with (4) (see[8]), which belongs to ; is the adjoint operator of .

*Definition 1. *System (2) is completely controllable on if
That is, all the points in can be reached from the point at time , where .

Lemma 2 (Burkholder-Davis-Gundy’s inequality [23]). *For any and for arbitrary -valued predictable process , , one has
**
where
*

Lemma 3 (Mahmudov [6]). *The following linear system
**
is completely controllable if and only if , where is constant and is unit operator. *

Lemma 4. *Assume that the operator is invertible. Then for arbitrary target , the control
**
transfers the systems (4) from to at time , where , . *

* Proof. *Substituting (10) into (4), we can obtain that
The proof is completed by letting in (11).

#### 3. Main Results

In this section, by using contraction mapping principle in Banach space we discuss the complete controllability criteria of semilinear impulsive stochastic systems (2). For the proof of the main result we impose the following assumptions on data of the problem.

*Assumption A. *The functions , , and are continuous and satisfy the usual linear growth condition; that is, there exist positive real constants , for arbitrary , and such that

*Assumption B. *The functions , , and satisfy the following Lipschitz condition and for every and there exist positive real constants , , such that

*Assumption C. *The linear system (9) is completely controllable. By Lemma 3, for some , , for all . Consequently, .

*Assumption D. *Let be such that .

Now for convenience, let us introduce the following notations:

Theorem 5. *Suppose that assumptions A, B, C, and D are satisfied. Then system (4) is completely controllable on . *

*Proof. *For arbitrary initial data , we can define a nonlinear operator from to as the following:
where is defined by (10).

By Lemma 4, the control (10) transfers system (4) from the initial state to the final state provided that the operators has a fixed point in . So, if the operator has a fixed point then system (2) is completely controllable. As mentioned before, to prove the complete controllability of the system (2), it is enough to show that has a fixed point in . To do this, we can employ the contraction mapping principle. In the following, we will divide the proof into two steps.

Firstly, we show that maps into itself. From (15) we have

Using Holder inequality, B-D-G inequality (here ), and Assumption C, we have the following estimates:
Meanwhile by control function (15), we have
So similar as in (17), we get
From (17)–(19), we have
for all , where is constant. This implies that maps into itself.

Secondly, we prove that is a contraction mapping on , for any ,
Using Lipschitz condition, similiar to , we have the following estimates:
together with inequalities (22)–(27):

Theorefore, is a contraction mapping from to , and hence has a unique fixed point. Thus the system (4) is completely controllability on .

#### 4. Example

Consider the impulsive stochastic integrao-differential wave equation with control , where is white noise and initial and boundary conditions are Let ; then , . Domain of operator is Let

Then the system (29) is where and is the infinitesimal generator of a strongly continuous semigroup ,, on , for : ,. Write is where The mild solution of system (29) is by [7]; the stochastic linear system of (29) is complete controllable. Then from Theorem 5 one can easily prove system (29) is completely controllable, if the functions , , , , , satisfy Lipschitz condition and linear growth condition.

#### 5. Conclusions

The complete controllability of impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems in Hilbert space has been investigated in this paper. Sufficient conditions of complete controllability for impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems are established by using the Banach fixed point theorem. An example illustrates the efficiency of proposed results.

#### Acknowledgments

This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant nos. 61273126 and 61174078, PhD Start-up Fundation of Guangxi University of Science and Technology (no. 03081520), and Guangxi Higher Education Science Research Projection (no. 201203YB125).

#### References

- N. I. Mahmudov, “Controllability of linear stochastic systems,”
*IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control*, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 724–731, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - A. Arapostathis, R. K. George, and M. K. Ghosh, “On the controllability of a class of nonlinear stochastic systems,”
*Systems & Control Letters*, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 25–34, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - K. Balachandran and S. Karthikeyan, “Controllability of nonlinear Itô type stochastic integrodifferential systems,”
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, vol. 345, no. 4, pp. 382–391, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - K. Balachandran and S. Karthikeyan, “Controllability of stochastic integrodifferential systems,”
*International Journal of Control*, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 486–491, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - G. da Prato and J. Zabczyk,
*Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions*, vol. 44 of*Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Its Applications*, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - N. I. Mahmudov, “Controllability of linear stochastic systems in Hilbert spaces,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 259, no. 1, pp. 64–82, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - M. A. Dubov and B. S. Mordukhovich, “On controllability of infinite dimensional linear stochastic systems,” in
*Proceedings of the 2nd IFAC Symposium on Stochastic Control*, pp. 307–310, Vilnius, Lithuania, May 1986. - N. I. Mahmudov, “Controllability of semilinear stochastic systems in Hilbert spaces,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 288, no. 1, pp. 197–211, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. P. Dauer and N. I. Mahmudov, “Controllability of stochastic semilinear functional differential equations in Hilbert spaces,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 290, no. 2, pp. 373–394, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. Y. Park, P. Balasubramaniam, and N. Kumaresan, “Controllability for neutral stochastic functional integrodifferential infinite delay systems in abstract space,”
*Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization*, vol. 28, no. 11-12, pp. 1369–1386, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Subalakshmi, K. Balachandran, and J. Y. Park, “Controllability of semilinear stochastic functional integrodifferential systems in Hilbert spaces,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems*, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 39–50, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - K. Balachandran and J. P. Dauer, “Controllability of nonlinear systems in Banach spaces: a survey,”
*Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 7–28, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - P. Balasubramaniam and J. P. Dauer, “Controllability of semilinear stochastic delay evolution equations in Hilbert spaces,”
*International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 157–166, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - V. Lakshmikantham, D. D. Ba
*ǐ*nov, and P. S. Simeonov,*Theory of Impulsive Differential Equations*, vol. 6 of*Series in Modern Applied Mathematics*, World Scientific, Singapore, 1989. View at MathSciNet - R. Sakthivel, N. I. Mahmudov, and J. H. Kim, “Approximate controllability of nonlinear impulsive differential systems,”
*Reports on Mathematical Physics*, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - M. Li, M. Wang, and F. Zhang, “Controllability of impulsive functional differential systems in Banach spaces,”
*Chaos, Solitons and Fractals*, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 175–181, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y.-K. Chang, “Controllability of impulsive functional differential systems with infinite delay in Banach spaces,”
*Chaos, Solitons and Fractals*, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1601–1609, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Sakthivel, N. I. Mahmudov, and J. H. Kim, “On controllability of second order nonlinear impulsive differential systems,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications*, vol. 71, no. 1-2, pp. 45–52, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. Karthikeyan and K. Balachandran, “Controllability of nonlinear stochastic neutral impulsive systems,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems*, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 266–276, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Sakthivel, N. I. Mahmudov, and S.-G. Lee, “Controllability of non-linear impulsive stochastic systems,”
*International Journal of Control*, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 801–807, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Sakthivel, “Controllability of nonlinear impulsive Itô type stochastic systems,”
*International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science*, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 589–595, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - L. Shen, J. Shi, and J. Sun, “Complete controllability of impulsive stochastic integro-differential systems,”
*Automatica*, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1068–1073, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Subalakshmi and K. Balachandran, “Approximate controllability of nonlinear stochastic impulsive integrodifferential systems in Hilbert spaces,”
*Chaos, Solitons and Fractals*, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 2035–2046, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet