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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 960789, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/960789
Research Article

Valuation of the Prepayment Option of a Perpetual Corporate Loan

1BNP Paribas CIB Resource Portfolio Management and CEREMADE, Université Paris Dauphine, 75016 Paris, France
2CEREMADE, Université Paris Dauphine, 75016 Paris, France

Received 13 December 2012; Accepted 2 February 2013

Academic Editor: Dragoş-Pătru Covei

Copyright © 2013 Timothee Papin and Gabriel Turinici. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We investigate in this paper a perpetual prepayment option related to a corporate loan. The default intensity of the firm is supposed to follow a CIR process. We assume that the contractual margin of the loan is defined by the credit quality of the borrower and the liquidity cost that reflects the funding cost of the bank. Two frameworks are discussed: firstly a loan margin without liquidity cost and secondly a multiregime framework with a liquidity cost dependent on the regime. The prepayment option needs specific attention as the payoff itself is an implicit function of the parameters of the problem and of the dynamics. In the unique regime case, we establish quasianalytic formulas for the payoff of the option; in both cases we give a verification result that allows for the computation of the price of the option. Numerical results that implement the findings are also presented and are completely consistent with the theory; it is seen that when liquidity parameters are very different (i.e., when a liquidity crisis occurs) in the high liquidity cost regime, the exercise domain may entirely disappear, meaning that it is not optimal for the borrower to prepay during such a liquidity crisis. The method allows for quantification and interpretation of these findings.