Table 3: The values of mutation rate, red_gen, red_factor, and penalty coefficient for each test problem.

Mutation rate
(before and after red_gen)
red_genred_factorPenalty coefficient

G10.2–0.0510000.0510
G20.2–0.0515000.110
G30.2–0.120000.11000
G40.2–0.0510000.051500
G5
G60.2–0.110000.0210000
G70.2–0.0520000.0510
G80.2–0.0510000.051000
G90.2–0.0510000.0510
G100.2–0.125000.215000
G110.2–0.0510000.0510