Table 2: Training patterns generation for single and modular ANN-based FDL.

ParameterSet value

Fault typeLG: A1N, A2N, B1N, B2N, C1N, and C2N
LL: A1B1, A2B2, B1C1, B2C2, A1C1, and A2C2
LLG: A1B1N, A2B2N, B1C1N, B2C2N, A1C1N, and A2C2N
LLL: A1B1C1, A2B2C2
Fault location ( in KM)1, 10, 20, 30, …, 80, and 90 KM
Fault inception angle ( )0° and 90°
Fault resistance ( )0, 50 and 100 
Prefault power flow angle ( )45°