Table 5: Test results of single and modular ANN-based fault distance locator.

Fault
type
Fault inception
angle (°)
Fault resistance
( )
Fault location
(km)
Output of single ANN-
based FDL (km)
Output of modular
ANN-based FDL
(km)
% Error of single
ANN-based FDL
  
× 100%
% Error of modular
ANN-based FDL
  
× 100%

A1N45806764.47066.952.530.05
A2N90907776.44757.1110.553−0.111
B1N135054.97244.88950.02760.1105
B2N270808988.62488.6810.3760.319
C1N360959592.40594.6042.5950.396
C2N180703835.44938.3852.551−0.385
A1B12708383.02083.25−0.02−0.25
A2B201515.06615.009−0.066−0.009
B1C107675.04975.8940.9510.106
B2C21359089.49089.9770.510.023
C1A1902222.14422.134−0.144−0.134
C2A22255958.76258.9840.2380.016
A1B1N135308582.95583.7992.0451.201
A2B2N45605756.45956.0470.5410.953
B1C1N2251008888.24688.1006−0.246−0.1006
B2C2N270808988.63290.1330.368−1.133
C1A1N225305850.83857.0477.1620.953
C2A2N90402420.10525.3623.895−1.362
A1B1C12253333.75732.952−0.7570.048
A2B2C23608586.97385.136−1.973−0.136