Table 2: Stress and deflection ratios for different ULS and SLS verifications.

Type of verificationULSULSULSSLSSLS
Short-termLong-termLong-termShort-termLong-term
Load combination,

Timber—axial stress0.520.530.28
Timber—shear stresses0.440.440.08
Timber—bearing at support0.690.690.34
Concrete—compr. stresses0.320.290.10
Connection—shear at 0.880.870.42
Connection—shear at 0.740.720.35
Midspan deflection0.330.87