Table 4: Parameters of proposed algorithms.

PSO ParametersSCPSO, CPSO, MPSO, IPSO

w0.9–0.4
c11.05
c21.05
𝑣 m a x 𝑐 𝑖 𝑥 m a x 𝑐 𝑖 / 2
𝑣 m a x 𝑑 𝑖 𝑀 𝑖 / 2

HGA and DE ParametersHGADE

CR (crossover rate)0.60.5
𝑃 𝑚 (mutation rate)0.05
F (scaling factor)0.5