Table 6
(a) Optimal settings of control variables in 26-bus system

Control variableSCPSOCPSOMPSOIPSOHGADE

PG1446.1746448.1017445.7566453.3504451.8483452.6614
PG2164.7378166.1304200.0000165.0258166.6793165.7782
PG3258.4341258.1863262.1278259.9621257.4760256.2267
PG4149.5769149.9920118.0309136.5176144.1294142.0623
PG5164.5429164.4053200.0000164.5045166.6446163.0210
PG2691.145287.9374 50.0000103.268094.6340102.8937
V11.03271.02791.04111.04041.04031.0286
V20.99201.05001.00881.01741.01861.0190
V31.03451.02011.0211 0.99430.99590.9907
V41.03460.9823 1.00040.97541.03081.0320
V51.02331.01010.97511.00901.00551.0053
V261.02081.02911.02481.00481.00551.0082
𝑇 𝑝 2 - 3 1.02001.02001.10001.01001.06001.0600
TP2-131.02001.00000.97001.00000.93000.9200
TP3-130.97000.97000.95000.99000.99000.9700
TP4-80.98000.98001.02001.02001.02001.0300
TP4-120.98000.99001.04001.03001.00001.0100
TP6-190.96000.95001.01000.98000.97000.9300
TP7-90.98000.98000.95000.96000.96000.9600
YH10.05000.00000.00500.05000.04000.0500
YH40.03000.03500.04000.03000.03000.0150
YH50.05000.05000.05000.04000.05000.0150
YH60.05000.05000.01500.02000.04500.0500
YH90.01500.04000.01500.04000.03000.0250
YH110.02500.04500.03500.02500.03500.0300
YH120.05000.03500.02500.05000.03000.0200
YH150.05000.03500.01000.05000.02000.0450
YH190.04500.05000.01500.02500.02000.0500

Fitness 𝑓 154991550315545155521556815575
CI($)154871549115532155391555815562
𝑃 L o s s (MW)11.616611.756112.915312.559412.816112.6880
| 𝑉 𝑖 𝑉 r e f | 0.34320.34110.52250.45990.44020.3485

(b) Optimal settings of control variables in IEEE 57-bus system

Control variableSCPSOCPSOMPSOIPSOHGADE

PG1(W)330.6258331.4865331.3076331.8135330.6408331.6042
PG2(W)50.000056.164583.717684.420583.778483.9324
PG3(W)117.5876117.7136117.6009117.868192.7311117.6796
PG6(W)84.862685.867784.883687.404785.081260.2967
PG8(W)300.0000256.9933256.9824257.0185257.0101256.9304
PG9(W)84.8851119.892495.447391.9031120.0000120.0000
PG12(W)300.0000299.9529300.0000300.0000300.0000300.0000
VG11.05001.05001.05001.05001.05001.0500
VG21.04801.04951.05001.04971.04971.0500
VG31.05001.05001.05001.04981.00791.0478
VG61.04961.04621.05001.05001.05001.0500
VG81.05001.04981.05001.05001.05001.0456
VG91.03411.04461.04381.04331.05001.0500
VG121.02521.05001.05001.05001.05001.0498
TP4-180.97000.96000.96000.94001.01000.9600
TP7-290.97001.03001.00001.05000.94000.9400
TP9-550.97001.03000.99001.05000.94000.9400
TP10-510.94000.94000.94000.96000.95001.0100
TP11-410.99001.03000.97000.93000.96001.1000
TP11-430.93000.92000.93001.10000.94000.9200
TP13-490.90000.90000.90000.92000.90001.0100
TP14-460.92000.92000.92000.94000.93000.9800
TP15-450.93000.94000.94000.94000.93000.9600
TP20-211.02001.04001.01001.00001.10000.9400
TP24-251.03000.95001.00000.92000.96000.9300
TP24-261.04001.09001.08001.10001.00000.9500
TP32-340.98000.96000.95000.94000.96000.9000
TP40-561.03001.01001.04001.08001.03000.9600
TP39-570.99001.04000.98001.04001.02000.9400
YH180.09000.05000.02500.03000.10000.0700
YH250.10000.08000.10000.06000.10000.0650
YH530.08000.10000.10000.10000.07000.0650

Fitness 𝑓 154261543515436154431545315470
CI($)154071541515414154201542915448
𝑃 L o s s (MW)17.161117.270919.139419.628418.411619.6433
| 𝑉 𝑖 𝑉 r e f | 2.32802.65812.72622.62192.83052.1472