Table 1: PID controller values of EBFO algorithm and the performance index values for bioreactor model (five trials).

TrialIteration IAEISE

151−0.9330−0.0171−0.06288.82877.930.7211.9762.5
257−0.6289−0.0672−0.03862.5376.4390.7182.3927.6
367−0.4418−0.0503−0.07143.39011.490.7752.9530.3
472−0.5928−0.0730−0.02882.3365.4560.7592.4818.1
559−0.7117−0.0391−0.04334.35919.000.6382.338.2