Table 8: Performance index for the CSTR model.

MethodReference tracking
ISEIAEITAEITSE

ISE I-PD137.8279.382112.967391.459.40.14092870
IAE I-PD135.3275.281416.466942.753.70.06813960
ITAE I-PD113.3253.080461.359448.094.70.04313800
ITSE I-PD106.9244.279848.557489.3111.30.04073200