426962.fig.0013a
(a)
426962.fig.0013b
(b)
Figure 13: (a) 1D CNT has double-bond carbon rigid lattice suffering less thermal noise, which is about 0.5 KT, 1/3 of the thermal noise of CCD dark current liquid nitrogen coolant (LNC). (b) Axial magnetic field increases the surface area as the phase space and avoids the collision recombination of photoelectric carriers (after Rice, Cornel Univ).