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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 261849, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/261849
Review Article

Misfit Strain in Superlattices Controlling the Electron-Lattice Interaction via Microstrain in Active Layers

Department of Physics, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, P. le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy

Received 15 October 2009; Revised 27 November 2009; Accepted 3 December 2009

Academic Editor: Dragan Mihailovic

Copyright © 2010 Nicola Poccia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

High-temperature superconductivity (HTS) emerges in quite different electronic materials: cuprates, diborides, and iron-pnictide superconductors. Looking for unity in the diversity we find in all these materials a common lattice architecture: they are practical realizations of heterostructures at atomic limit made of superlattices of metallic active layers intercalated by spacers as predicted in 1993 by one of us. The multilayer architecture is the key feature for the presence of electronic topological transitions where the Fermi surface of one of the subbands changes dimensionality. The superlattice misfit strain 𝜂 between the active and spacer layers is shown to be a key variable to drive the system to the highest critical temperature 𝑇 𝑐 that occurs at a particular point of the 3D phase diagram 𝑇 𝑐 ( 𝛿 , 𝜂 ) where 𝛿 is the charge transfer or doping. The plots of 𝑇 𝑐 as a function of misfit strain at constant charge transfer in cuprates show a first-order quantum critical phase transition where an itinerant striped magnetic phase competes with superconductivity in the proximity of a structural phase transition, that is, associated with an electronic topological transition. The shape resonances in these multigap superconductors is associated with the maximum 𝑇 𝑐 .