About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 682125, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/682125
Research Article

ZnO:Al Grown by Sputtering from Two Different Target Sources: A Comparison Study

Applied Physics Department, College of Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Received 1 June 2011; Accepted 5 January 2012

Academic Editor: Jörg Fink

Copyright © 2012 Abdalla A. Alnajjar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Nunes, A. Malik, B. Fernandes, E. Fortunato, P. Vilarinho, and R. Martins, “Influence of the doping and annealing atmosphere on zinc oxide thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis,” Vacuum, vol. 52, no. 1-2, pp. 45–49, 1999. View at Scopus
  2. D. Goyal, P. Solanki, B. Marathe, M. Takwale, and V. Bhide, “Deposition of aluminum-doped zinc oxide thin films by spray pyrolysis,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics A, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 361–364, 1992. View at Scopus
  3. M. Islam and J. Podder, “Optical properties of ZnO nano fiber thin films grown by spray pyrolysis of zinc acetate precursor,” Crystal Research and Technology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 286–292, 2009.
  4. M. Hiramatsu, K. Imaeda, N. Horio, and M. Nawata, “Transparent conducting ZnO thin films prepared by XeCl excimer laser ablation,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 669–673, 1998. View at Scopus
  5. T. Minami, K. Oohashi, S. Takata, T. Mouri, and N. Ogawa, “Preparations of ZnO:Al transparent conducting films by d.c. magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 193/194, no. 2, pp. 721–729, 1990. View at Scopus
  6. Y. Igasaki and H. Saito, “The effects of deposition rate on the structural and electrical properties of ZnO:Al films deposited on (1120) oriented sapphire substrates,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 3613–3619, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Y. Lu, S. P. Chang, S. J. Chang et al., “ZnO nanowire-based oxygen gas sensor,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 485–489, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. J. Kelly, Y. Zhou, and A. Postill, “A novel technique for the deposition of aluminium-doped zinc oxide films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 426, no. 1-2, pp. 111–116, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. J. Kelly and R. D. Arnell, “Development of a novel structure zone model relating to the closed-field unbalanced magnetron sputtering system,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 2858–2869, 1998. View at Scopus
  10. P. J. Kelly and R. D. Arnell, “The influence of magnetron configuration on ion current density and deposition rate in a dual unbalanced magnetron sputtering system,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 108-109, pp. 317–322, 1998. View at Scopus
  11. B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Boston, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 1987.
  12. N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, Electronic Process in Non-Crystalline Materials, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1979.
  13. Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards, Card 36-1451.
  14. L. I. Berger, Semiconductor Materials, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1997.
  15. B. E. Sernelius, K.-F. Berggren, Z.-C. Jin, I. Hamberg, and C. G. Granqvist, “Band-gap tailoring of ZnO by means of heavy Al doping,” Physcial Review B, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 10244–10248, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. J. Couts, X. Wu, W. P. Mulligan, and J. M. Webb, “High-performance, transparent conducting oxides based on cadmium stannate,” Journal of Electronic Materials, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 935–943, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. Zhou, P. J. Kelly, A. Postill, O. Abu-Zeid, and A. A. Alnajjar, “The characteristics of aluminium-doped zinc oxide films prepared by pulsed magnetron sputtering from powder targets,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 447-448, pp. 33–39, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 58–65, 2000. View at Scopus