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Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 189096, 16 pages
CD8+ T-Cell Deficiency, Epstein-Barr Virus Infection, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Steps to Autoimmunity: A Unifying Hypothesis
1School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
2Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
Received 18 August 2011; Revised 3 October 2011; Accepted 16 October 2011
Academic Editor: Corrado Betterle
Copyright © 2012 Michael P. Pender. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citations to this Article [36 citations]
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- Michael P. Pender, Peter A. Csurhes, Casey M. M. Pfluger, and Scott R. Burrows, “CD8(+) T cells far predominate over CD4(+) T cells in healthy immune response to Epstein-Barr virus infected lymphoblastoid cell lines,” Blood, vol. 120, no. 25, pp. 5085–5087, 2012.
- Andreas Lossius, Jorunn N. Johansen, Oivind Torkildsen, Frode Vartdal, and Trygve Holmoy, “Epstein-Barr Virus in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis-Association and Causation,” Viruses-Basel, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 3701–3730, 2012.
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- Katherine A. Buzzard, Simon A. Broadley, and Helmut Butzkueven, “What do effective treatments for multiple sclerosis tell us about the molecular mechanisms involved in pathogenesis?,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 12665–12709, 2012.
- Eirini I. Rigopoulou, Daniel S. Smyk, Claire E. Matthews, Charalambos Billinis, Andrew K. Burroughs, Marco Lenzi, and Dimitrios P. Bogdanos, “Epstein-barr virus as a trigger of autoimmune liver diseases,” Advances in Virology, vol. 2012, 2012.
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- B. Stuhlmueller, E. Feist, T. Haeupl, G. -R. Burmester, and N. Pipitone, “New aspects on the pathogenesis of myositis,” Zeitschrift Fur Rheumatologie, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 209–+, 2013.
- Nourollah Ramroodi, Abbas Ali Niazi, Nima Sanadgol, Zohre Ganjali, and Vida Sarabandi, “Evaluation of reactive Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) in Iranian patient with different subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS),” Brazilian Journal Of Infectious Diseases, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 156–163, 2013.
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- Hyun O. Kim, Hun Jin Oh, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, and Hack-Ki Kim, “Immune reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children: A single institution study of 59 patients,” Korean Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2013.
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- Fulvia Ceccarelli, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Carlo Perricone, Guido Valesini, Nancy Agmon-Levin, and Yehuda Shoenfeld, “Genetics and autoantibodies,” Immunologic Research, vol. 56, no. 2-3, pp. 206–219, 2013.
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- Michael P. Pender, Peter A. Csurhes, Casey M. M. Pfluger, and Scott R. Burrows, “Deficiency of CD8(+) effector memory T cells is an early and persistent feature of multiple sclerosis,” Multiple Sclerosis Journal, vol. 20, no. 14, pp. 1825–1832, 2014.
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