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Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 189096, 16 pages
CD8+ T-Cell Deficiency, Epstein-Barr Virus Infection, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Steps to Autoimmunity: A Unifying Hypothesis
1School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
2Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
Received 18 August 2011; Revised 3 October 2011; Accepted 16 October 2011
Academic Editor: Corrado Betterle
Copyright © 2012 Michael P. Pender. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citations to this Article [37 citations]
The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.
- Andreas Lossius, Jorunn N. Johansen, Oivind Torkildsen, Frode Vartdal, and Trygve Holmoy, “Epstein-Barr Virus in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis-Association and Causation,” Viruses-Basel, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 3701–3730, 2012.
- Michael P. Pender, Peter A. Csurhes, Casey M. M. Pfluger, and Scott R. Burrows, “CD8(+) T cells far predominate over CD4(+) T cells in healthy immune response to Epstein-Barr virus infected lymphoblastoid cell lines,” Blood, vol. 120, no. 25, pp. 5085–5087, 2012.
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- Katherine A. Buzzard, Simon A. Broadley, and Helmut Butzkueven, “What do effective treatments for multiple sclerosis tell us about the molecular mechanisms involved in pathogenesis?,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 12665–12709, 2012.
- Eirini I. Rigopoulou, Daniel S. Smyk, Claire E. Matthews, Charalambos Billinis, Andrew K. Burroughs, Marco Lenzi, and Dimitrios P. Bogdanos, “Epstein-barr virus as a trigger of autoimmune liver diseases,” Advances in Virology, vol. 2012, 2012.
- Bruna Duque-Estrada, John P. Sundberg, Lloyd E. King, Yuval Ramot, Abraham Zlotogorski, Desmond J. Tobin, Ralf Paus, Shigeki Inui, Satoshi Itami, Antonella Tosti, Kevin J. Mcelwee, Amos Gilhar, Aviad Keren, Marta Bertolini, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Motonobu Nakamura, and Yoshiki Tokura, “What causes alopecia areata?: Section Editors: Ralf Paus, Manchester/Lübeck and Raymond Cho, San Francisco Controversies in Experimental Dermatology: What causes alopecia areata?,” Experimental Dermatology, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 609–626, 2013.
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- B. Stuhlmueller, E. Feist, T. Haeupl, G. -R. Burmester, and N. Pipitone, “New aspects on the pathogenesis of myositis,” Zeitschrift Fur Rheumatologie, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 209–+, 2013.
- Julia Pakpoor, Gavin Giovannoni, and Sreeram V. Ramagopalan, “Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis: association or causation?,” Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 287–297, 2013.
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- Michael A. Kron, Ahmed Metwali, Sanja Vodanovic-Jankovic, and David Elliott, “Nematode Asparaginyl-tRNA Synthetase Resolves Intestinal Inflammation in Mice with T-Cell Transfer Colitis,” Clinical And Vaccine Immunology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 276–281, 2013.
- C. Yuste, M. Rapalai, B. A. Pritchard, T. J. Jones, C. Amoasii, A. Al-Ansari, and S. B. Ramakrishna, “Overlap between dermatomyositis and ANCA vasculitides,” Clinical Kidney Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 59–61, 2013.
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- Hyun O. Kim, Hun Jin Oh, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, and Hack-Ki Kim, “Immune reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children: A single institution study of 59 patients,” Korean Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2013.
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- Ana María Fernández, Victoria Fernández, Laura Leyva, Miguel Guerrero, and Oscar Fernández, “Microbes, immunity and multiple sclerosis: An update,” Current Immunology Reviews, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 31–43, 2013.
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- Maria Anagnostouli, Georgios Anagnostoulis, Serafeim Katsavos, Maria Panagiotou, Evangelia Kararizou, and Panagiota Davaki, “HLA-DRB1*15:01 and Epstein-Barr virus in a multiple sclerosis patient with psoriasis, nasopharyngeal and breast cancers. Lessons for possible hidden links for autoimmunity and cancer,” Journal of The Neurological Sciences, vol. 339, no. 1-2, pp. 26–31, 2014.
- Yongjing Cheng, Yuling Chen, Xiaolin Sun, Yuhui Li, Cibo Huang, Haiteng Deng, and Zhanguo Li, “Identification of Potential Serum Biomarkers for Rheumatoid Arthritis by High-Resolution Quantitative Proteomic Analysis,” Inflammation, 2014.
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- Michael P. Pender, Peter A. Csurhes, Casey M. M. Pfluger, and Scott R. Burrows, “Deficiency of CD8(+) effector memory T cells is an early and persistent feature of multiple sclerosis,” Multiple Sclerosis Journal, vol. 20, no. 14, pp. 1825–1832, 2014.
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