Table 4: Minimum threshold water potential for germination of weed species grouped by intervals of germination sensitivity to water potential.

Sensitivity interval (MPa)
 Minimum threshold
 (MPa)
Common nameScientific nameReference

B (−0.1 to −0.5)
 −0.10Common cockleburXanthium strumarium L.[6]
 −0.20Redroot pigweedAmaranthus retroflexus L.[38]
C (−0.5 to −1.0)
 −0.50Common groundselSenecio vulgaris L.[39]
 −0.50Large crabgrassDigitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.[40]
 −0.60Wild oatAvena fatua L.[41]
 −0.64Common lambsquartersChenopodium album L.[42]
 −0.64VelvetleafAbutilon theophrasti Medik.[43]
 −0.69Yellow foxtailSetaria glauca (L.) Beauv.[5]
 −0.70Green foxtailSetaria viridis (L.) Beauv.[5]
 −0.80GoosegrassEleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.[44]
 −0.80Common ragweedAmbrosia artemisiifolia L.[45]
 −0.83Large crabgrassDigitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.[5]
D (−1.0 to −1.5)
 −1.13Common chickweedStellaria media (L.) Vill.[46]
 −1.15Rigid ryegrassLolium rigidum Gaudin[47]
 −1.20Wild oatAvena fatua L.[48]
 −1.21GoosegrassEleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.[5]
 −1.50Wild oatAvena fatua L.[49]
 −1.50Perennial ryegrassLolium perenne L.[50]
 −1.53BlackgrassAlopecurus myosuroides Huds.[51]