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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 252861, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/252861
Research Article

Physicochemical Properties and Surface Charge Characteristics of Arid Soils in Southeastern Iran

1Department of Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7915847669, Iran

Received 2 March 2013; Revised 15 May 2013; Accepted 20 May 2013

Academic Editor: Davey Jones

Copyright © 2013 A. H. Moghimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The majority of previous studies on surface charge characteristics were done on tropical and subtropical soils. Information of such studies in the arid regions is limited. A study was conducted to investigate the relation between soil chemical and mineralogical properties and surface charge characteristics of an arid region in Southeastern Iran. Eight soil pedons, representing the alluvial and the colluvial deposits, were described, and their mineralogical and physicochemical properties were examined. The common clay minerals in the studied area are smectite, palygorskite, kaolinite, chlorite, and illite. The point of zero charge ( ) values are low (2.85–3.35) in all soils mostly affected by organic carbon (OC) and free iron oxide ( ). has a significant negative correlation with pH under field conditions ( , ). The point of zero net charge (PZNC) levels for all the soils were <2, due to the excess negative charge in these soils. The estimated PZNC values were less than in all soils because of the high permanent negative charge in these soils. The permanent negative charge ( ) of the soils studied is high and it has a significant positive correlation with pH, CEC, Na, Mg, SAR, clay content, palygorskite, OC, and .