Table 3: Soil hydraulic properties according to its texture from the literature SRC: ElNesr [9].

Texture classPermanent wilting point (% volume)Saturation water content (% volume)
GroupTextureMinAvgMaxMinAvgMax

Light textured soilsSand4.506.368.5034.5037.6043.00
Loamy sand4.857.3210.9035.1038.7041.50
Sandy loam3.878.9013.2038.1041.3045.60

Medium textured soilsLoam6.0911.0915.6039.9044.3048.90
Silt3.407.929.5040.5042.9048.90
Silty loam6.4511.3619.6938.2045.3050.70
Sandy clay loam6.3314.2017.5038.4045.0048.30

Heavy textured soilsClay loam7.9216.1320.0041.0047.9050.80
Silty clay loam8.9018.1321.8043.0050.3052.20
Sandy clay10.0020.3629.4038.0046.5051.80
Silty clay7.0022.0132.6036.0050.0054.70
Clay6.8024.1335.9038.0050.3055.20