Table 3: The chemical requirements for oxygen (CRO), biological requirements for oxygen (BRO), electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), pH values, sodium and macronutrient concentrations of vinasse according to reports of various authors.

DeterminationsVinasse
(*) (51) (17) (15)Average

CRO (mg L−1)21.45026.77148.86032.360
BRO (mg L−1)10.0005.00021.27512.092
EC (dS m−1)14.1211.59.653.69.72
TDS (mg L−1)7.94011.35219.00012.764
pH4.54.44.65.74.8
N (mg L−1)410560485
P (mg L−1)160175190175
K (mg L−1)3.1001.1231.3929601.644
Na (mg L−1)350113110191
Ca (mg L−1)640352728280500
Mg (mg L−1)3401629130129

*: Data of the authors. —: Not determined.