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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 648697, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/648697
Research Article

Uptake of Sulfadiazine Sulfonamide from Water by Clinoptilolite

1Faculty of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2Geosciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Parkside, Kenosha, WI 53141-2000, USA

Received 21 March 2013; Accepted 20 September 2013

Academic Editor: Davey Jones

Copyright © 2013 Zhaohui Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The interactions between sulfadiazine (SDZ), a sulfonamide antibiotic, and clinoptilolite, a hydrophilic zeolite, were investigated under batch experimental conditions. The uptake of SDZ on the zeolite followed a linear sorption isotherm under neutral pH conditions. Higher SDZ uptake on the zeolite was observed when solution pH was below the or above the values of SDZ, while minimal SDZ uptake was observed when the solution pH was between the and values of SDZ. These observations suggested that hydrophobic interaction between SDZ and the zeolite was minimal due to the hydrophilic nature of the substrate. Electrostatic interactions and ion bridging were attributed to the elevated SDZ uptake under low and high pH conditions. As SDZ had a low value, the hydrophilic nature of the substrate prevented extensive uptake of SDZ, which could contribute to its extensive detection in the environment, including surface water and wastewater.