Table 1: Potential biases in object identification.

Bias category Cognitive bias

Memory biasesImaginabilityAn event that is easily imagined is judged to be more probable
RecallAn event may seem more probable if an instance is easily recalled
SearchAn effective search strategy may make an event seem more frequent

Statistical biasesCorrelationProbability of the co-occurrenceof events may be overestimated due to previous cooccurrence

Confidence biasesConfirmationConfirming, rather than disconfirming, evidence is sought
RedundancyRedundant data may cause undue confidence in its accuracy and importance
SelectivityExpectation of the nature of an event influences what information is thought to be relevant

Presentation biasesOrderUndue importance may be placed on the first or last data point