Advances in High Energy Physics
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The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation
© 2015 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved.

Regular Bulk Solutions in BraneWorlds with Inhomogeneous Dust and Generalized Dark Radiation
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 17:23:48 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/359268/
From the dynamics of a braneworld with matter fields present in the bulk, the bulk metric and the black string solution near the brane are generalized, when both the dynamics of inhomogeneous dust/generalized dark radiation on the braneworld and inhomogeneous dark radiation in the bulk as well are considered as exact dynamical collapse solutions. Based on the analysis on the inhomogeneous static exterior of a collapsing sphere of homogeneous dark radiation on the brane, the associated black string warped horizon is studied, as well as the 5D bulk metric near the brane. Moreover, the black string and the bulk are shown to be more regular upon time evolution, for suitable values for the dark radiation parameter in the model, by analyzing the soft physical singularities.
A. HerreraAguilar, A. M. Kuerten, and Roldão da Rocha
Copyright © 2015 A. HerreraAguilar et al. All rights reserved.

Through Neutrino Eyes: The Search for New Physics
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 13:48:24 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/875185/
Abhijit Samanta, David Latimer, and Michael A. Schmidt
Copyright © 2015 Abhijit Samanta et al. All rights reserved.

Searching for Neutrinoless DoubleBeta Decay of 130Te with CUORE
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 12:41:15 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/879871/
Neutrinoless doublebeta (0) decay is a hypothesized leptonnumberviolating process that offers the only known means of asserting the possible Majorana nature of neutrino mass. The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for 0 decay of 130Te using an array of 988 TeO2 crystal bolometers operated at 10 mK. The detector will contain 206 kg of 130Te and have an average energy resolution of 5 keV; the projected 0 decay halflife sensitivity after five years of livetime is 1.6 × 1026 y at 1 (9.5 × 1025 y at the 90% confidence level), which corresponds to an upper limit on the effective Majorana mass in the range 40–100 meV (50–130 meV). In this paper, we review the experimental techniques used in CUORE as well as its current status and anticipated physics reach.
D. R. Artusa, F. T. Avignone III, O. Azzolini, M. Balata, T. I. Banks, G. Bari, J. Beeman, F. Bellini, A. Bersani, M. Biassoni, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, X. Z. Cai, A. Camacho, L. Canonica, X. G. Cao, S. Capelli, L. Carbone, L. Cardani, M. Carrettoni, N. Casali, D. Chiesa, N. Chott, M. Clemenza, S. Copello, C. Cosmelli, O. Cremonesi, R. J. Creswick, I. Dafinei, A. Dally, V. Datskov, A. De Biasi, M. M. Deninno, S. Di Domizio, M. L. di Vacri, L. Ejzak, D. Q. Fang, H. A. Farach, M. Faverzani, G. Fernandes, E. Ferri, F. Ferroni, E. Fiorini, M. A. Franceschi, S. J. Freedman, B. K. Fujikawa, A. Giachero, L. Gironi, A. Giuliani, J. Goett, P. Gorla, C. Gotti, T. D. Gutierrez, E. E. Haller, K. Han, K. M. Heeger, R. HenningsYeomans, H. Z. Huang, R. Kadel, K. Kazkaz, G. Keppel, Yu. G. Kolomensky, Y. L. Li, C. Ligi, X. Liu, Y. G. Ma, C. Maiano, M. Maino, M. Martinez, R. H. Maruyama, Y. Mei, N. Moggi, S. Morganti, T. Napolitano, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E. B. Norman, A. Nucciotti, T. O’Donnell, F. Orio, D. Orlandi, J. L. Ouellet, M. Pallavicini, V. Palmieri, L. Pattavina, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, G. Pessina, V. Pettinacci, G. Piperno, C. Pira, S. Pirro, E. Previtali, V. Rampazzo, C. Rosenfeld, C. Rusconi, E. Sala, S. Sangiorgio, N. D. Scielzo, M. Sisti, A. R. Smith, L. Taffarello, M. Tenconi, F. Terranova, W. D. Tian, C. Tomei, S. Trentalange, G. Ventura, M. Vignati, B. S. Wang, H. W. Wang, L. Wielgus, J. Wilson, L. A. Winslow, T. Wise, A. Woodcraft, L. Zanotti, C. Zarra, B. X. Zhu, and S. Zucchelli
Copyright © 2015 D. R. Artusa et al. All rights reserved.

Beyond Standard Model Searches in the MiniBooNE Experiment
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 08:15:08 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/362971/
The MiniBooNE experiment has contributed substantially to beyond standard model searches in the neutrino sector. The experiment was originally designed to test the eV2 region of the sterile neutrino hypothesis by observing () charged current quasielastic signals from a () beam. MiniBooNE observed excesses of and candidate events in neutrino and antineutrino mode, respectively. To date, these excesses have not been explained within the neutrino standard model (SM); the standard model extended for three massive neutrinos. Confirmation is required by future experiments such as MicroBooNE. MiniBooNE also provided an opportunity for precision studies of Lorentz violation. The results set strict limits for the first time on several parameters of the standardmodel extension, the generic formalism for considering Lorentz violation. Most recently, an extension to MiniBooNE running, with a beam tuned in beamdump mode, is being performed to search for dark sector particles. This review describes these studies, demonstrating that short baseline neutrino experiments are rich environments in new physics searches.
Teppei Katori and Janet M. Conrad
Copyright © 2015 Teppei Katori and Janet M. Conrad. All rights reserved.

Regularization of Gravity Theories and Local Lorentz Transformation
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 09:49:24 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/680457/
We regularized the field equations of gravity theories such that the effect of local Lorentz transformation (LLT), in the case of spherical symmetry, is removed. A “general tetrad field,” with an arbitrary function of radial coordinate preserving spherical symmetry, is provided. We split that tetrad field into two matrices; the first represents a LLT, which contains an arbitrary function, and the second matrix represents a proper tetrad field which is a solution to the field equations of gravitational theory (which are not invariant under LLT). This “general tetrad field” is then applied to the regularized field equations of . We show that the effect of the arbitrary function which is involved in the LLT invariably disappears.
Gamal G. L. Nashed
Copyright © 2015 Gamal G. L. Nashed. All rights reserved.

Minimal Length Effects on Tunnelling from Spherically Symmetric Black Holes
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 14:24:49 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/898916/
We investigate effects of the minimal length on quantum tunnelling from spherically symmetric black holes using the HamiltonJacobi method incorporating the minimal length. We first derive the deformed HamiltonJacobi equations for scalars and fermions, both of which have the same expressions. The minimal length correction to the Hawking temperature is found to depend on the black hole’s mass and the mass and angular momentum of emitted particles. Finally, we calculate a Schwarzschild black hole's luminosity and find the black hole evaporates to zero mass in infinite time.
Benrong Mu, Peng Wang, and Haitang Yang
Copyright © 2015 Benrong Mu et al. All rights reserved.

Direct Dark Matter Search
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:46:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/967697/
Anselmo Meregaglia, Davide Franco, Marcello Messina, Claudio Montanari, and Francesco Pietropaolo
Copyright © 2015 Anselmo Meregaglia et al. All rights reserved.

Scalar Form Factor of the Pion in the KrollLeeZumino Field Theory
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 12:54:48 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/803232/
The renormalizable KrollLeeZumino field theory of pions and a neutral rhomeson is used to determine the scalar form factor of the pion in the spacelike region at nexttoleading order. Perturbative calculations in this framework are parameterfree, as the masses and the rhopionpion coupling are known from experiment. Results compare favorably with lattice QCD calculations.
C. A. Dominguez, M. Loewe, and M. Lushozi
Copyright © 2015 C. A. Dominguez et al. All rights reserved.

Retracted: Performance of WaterBased Liquid Scintillator: An Independent Analysis
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 11:09:13 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/893920/
Advances in High Energy Physics
Copyright © 2015 Advances in High Energy Physics. All rights reserved.

The DarkSide Multiton Detector for the Direct Dark Matter Search
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 09:20:42 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/541362/
Although the existence of dark matter is supported by many evidences, based on astrophysical measurements, its nature is still completely unknown. One major candidate is represented by weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which could in principle be detected through their collisions with ordinary nuclei in a sensitive target, producing observable lowenergy (<100 keV) nuclear recoils. The DarkSide program aims at the WIPMs detection using a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC). In this paper we quickly review the DarkSide program focusing in particular on the next generation experiment DarkSideG2, a 3.6ton LArTPC. The different detector components are described as well as the improvements needed to scale the detector from DarkSide50 (50 kg LArTPC) up to DarkSideG2. Finally, the preliminary results on background suppression and expected sensitivity are presented.
C. E. Aalseth, P. Agnes, A. Alton, K. Arisaka, D. M. Asner, H. O. Back, B. Baldin, K. Biery, G. Bonfini, M. Bossa, A. Brigatti, J. Brodsky, F. Budano, L. Cadonati, M. Cadoni, F. Calaprice, N. Canci, A. Candela, H. Cao, M. Cariello, P. Cavalcante, A. Chepurnov, A. G. Cocco, C. Condon, L. Crippa, D. D’Angelo, M. D’Incecco, S. Davini, M. De Deo, A. Derbin, A. Devoto, F. Di Eusanio, E. Edkins, A. Empl, A. Fan, G. Fiorillo, K. Fomenko, G. Forster, M. Foxe, D. Franco, F. Gabriele, C. Galbiati, A. Goretti, L. Grandi, M. Gromov, M. Y. Guan, Y. Guardincerri, B. Hackett, K. Herner, A. Hime, P. Humble, E. Hungerford, Al. Ianni, An. Ianni, D. E. Jaffe, C. Jollet, K. Keeter, C. Kendziora, S. Kidner, V. Kobychev, G. Koh, D. Korablev, G. Korga, A. Kurlej, P. X. Li, M. Lissia, P. Lombardi, L. Ludhova, S. Luitz, G. Lukyachenko, Y. Q. Ma, I. Machulin, A. Mandarano, S. M. Mari, J. Maricic, L. Marini, D. Markov, J. Martoff, A. Meregaglia, E. Meroni, P. D. Meyers, T. Miletic, R. Milincic, M. Montuschi, M. E. Monzani, P. Mosteiro, B. Mount, V. Muratova, P. Musico, D. Montanari, A. Nelson, S. Odrowski, A. Odrzywolek, J. L. Orrell, M. Orsini, F. Ortica, L. Pagani, M. Pallavicini, E. Pantic, S. Parmeggiano, B. Parsells, K. Pelczar, N. Pelliccia, S. Perasso, L. Perasso, A. Pocar, S. Pordes, D. Pugachev, H. Qian, K. Randle, G. Ranucci, A. Razeto, K. Recine, B. Reinhold, A. Renshaw, A. Romani, N. Rossi, B. Rossi, S. D. Rountree, D. Sablone, P. Saggese, R. Saldanha, W. Sands, S. Sangiorgio, E. Segreto, D. Semenov, E. Shields, M. Skorokhvatov, M. Smallcomb, O. Smirnov, A. Sotnikov, Y. Suvurov, R. Tartaglia, J. Tatarowicz, G. Testera, A. Tonazzo, E. Unzhakov, R. B. Vogelaar, M. Wada, S. E. Walker, H. Wang, Y. Wang, A. W. Watson, S. Westerdale, R. Williams, M. Wojcik, J. Xu, C. G. Yang, J. Yoo, B. Yu, S. Zavatarelli, W. L. Zhong, and G. Zuzel
Copyright © 2015 C. E. Aalseth et al. All rights reserved.

WeylInvariant Extension of the MetricAffine Gravity
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 06:23:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/902396/
Metricaffine geometry provides a nontrivial extension of the general relativity where the metric and connection are treated as the two independent fundamental quantities in constructing the spacetime (with nonvanishing torsion and nonmetricity). In this paper, we study the generic form of action in this formalism and then construct the Weylinvariant version of this theory. It is shown that, in Weitzenböck space, the obtained Weylinvariant action can cover the conformally invariant teleparallel action. Finally, the related field equations are obtained in the general case.
R. Vazirian, M. R. Tanhayi, and Z. A. Motahar
Copyright © 2015 R. Vazirian et al. All rights reserved.

A Study of Universal Thermodynamics in Brane World Scenario
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 09:38:10 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/430764/
A study of Universal thermodynamics is done in the framework of RSII brane model and DGP brane scenario. The Universe is chosen as FRW model bounded by apparent or event horizon. Assuming extended Hawking temperature on the horizon, the unified first law is examined for perfect fluid (with constant equation of state) and Modified Chaplygin Gas model. As a result there is a modification of Bekenstein entropy on the horizons. Further the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics and thermodynamical equilibrium are also investigated.
Saugata Mitra, Subhajit Saha, and Subenoy Chakraborty
Copyright © 2015 Saugata Mitra et al. All rights reserved.

Null Geodesics and Gravitational Lensing in a Nonsingular Spacetime
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 12:28:07 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/454217/
The null geodesics and gravitational lensing in a nonsingular spacetime are investigated.
According to the nature of the null geodesics, the spacetime is divided into several cases.
In the weak deflection limit, we find the influence of the nonsingularity parameter on the positions
and magnifications of the images is negligible. In the strong deflection limit, the coefficients
and observables for the gravitational lensing in a nonsingular black hole background and a weakly
nonsingular spacetime are obtained. Comparing these results, we find that, in a weakly nonsingular
spacetime, the relativistic images have smaller angular position and relative magnification
but larger angular separation than those of a nonsingular black hole. These results might offer a
way to probe the spacetime nonsingularity parameter and put a bound on it by the astronomical
instruments in the near future.
ShaoWen Wei, YuXiao Liu, and ChunE Fu
Copyright © 2015 ShaoWen Wei et al. All rights reserved.

Toy Models of Universe with an Effective Varying Term in Lyra Manifold
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 13:50:35 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/796168/
Research on the accelerated expansion of our Universe captures a lot of attention. The dark energy (DE) is a way to explain it. In this paper we will consider scalar field quintessence DE with EoS, where the dynamics of the DE models related to the dynamics of the scalar field. We are interested in the study of the behavior of the Universe in the presence of interacting quintessence DE models in Lyra manifold with a varying . In a considered framework we also would like to propose a new form for . We found that the models correspond to the transit Universe, which will enter the accelerated expansion phase and will remain there with a constant deceleration parameter . We found also that the is a decreasing function which takes a small positive value with and dominating in the old Universe. Observational constraints are applied and causality issue via is discussed as a possible way to either reject or accept the models.
Martiros Khurshudyan
Copyright © 2015 Martiros Khurshudyan. All rights reserved.

BPS Center Vortices in Nonrelativistic Gauge Models with Adjoint Higgs Fields
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 07:20:09 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/494931/
We propose a class of YangMills models, with adjoint Higgs fields, that accept BPS center vortex equations. The lack of a local magnetic flux that could serve as an energy bound is circumvented by including a new term in the energy functional. This term tends to align, in the Lie algebra, the magnetic field and one of the adjoint Higgs fields. Finally, a reduced set of equations for the center vortex profile functions is obtained (for ). In particular, BPS vortices come in three colours and three anticolours, obtained from an ansatz based on the defining representation and its conjugate.
L. E. Oxman
Copyright © 2015 L. E. Oxman. All rights reserved.

Constraining the Parameters of Modified Chaplygin Gas in EinsteinAether Gravity
Tue, 30 Dec 2014 00:10:20 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/653630/
We have assumed FRW model of the universe in EinsteinAether gravity filled with dark matter and modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) type dark energy. We present the Hubble parameter in terms of some unknown parameters and observational parameters with the redshift z. From observed Hubble data (OHD) set (12 points), we have obtained the bounds of the arbitrary parameters of MCG by minimizing the test. Next due to joint analysis of BAO and CMB observations, we have also obtained the best fit values and the bounds of the parameters by fixing some other parameters. We have also taken type Ia supernovae data set (union 2 data set with 557 data points). Next due to joint analysis with SNe, we have obtained the best fit values of parameters. The best fit values and bounds of the parameters are obtained by 66%, 90%, and 99% confidence levels for OHD, OHD + BAO, OHD + BAO + CMB, and OHD + BAO + CMB + SNe joint analysis. The distance modulus against redshift z for our theoretical MCG model in EinsteinAether gravity has been tested for the best fit values of the parameters and the observed SNe Ia union2 data sample.
Ujjal Debnath
Copyright © 2014 Ujjal Debnath. All rights reserved.

CP Violation for in QCD Factorization
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 00:10:14 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/785648/
In the QCD factorization (QCDF) approach we study the direct CP violation in via the mixing mechanism. We find that the CP violation can be enhanced by double mixing when the masses of the pairs are in the vicinity of the resonance, and the maximum CP violation can reach 28%. We also compare the results from the naive factorization and the QCD factorization.
Gang Lü, JiaQi Lei, and XinHeng Guo
Copyright © 2014 Gang Lü et al. All rights reserved.

Gurzadyan’s Problem 5 and Improvement of Softenings for Cosmological Simulations Using the PP Method
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 11:16:18 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/903642/
This paper is devoted to different modifications of two standard softenings of
the gravitational attraction (namely, the Plummer and Hernquist softenings), which are commonly used in cosmological simulations based on the particleparticle (PP) method, and their
comparison. It is demonstrated that some of the proposed alternatives lead to almost the
same accuracy as in the case of the pure Newtonian interaction, even despite the fact that the
force resolution is allowed to equal half the minimum interparticle distance. The revealed way
of precision improvement gives an opportunity to succeed in solving Gurzadyan’s Problem 5
and bring modern computer codes up to a higher standard.
Maxim Eingorn
Copyright © 2014 Maxim Eingorn. All rights reserved.

Cosmic Baryon Asymmetry in Different Neutrino Mass Models with Mixing Angles
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:30:02 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/689719/
We investigate the comparative studies of cosmological baryon asymmetry in different neutrino mass models with and without by considering the threediagonal
form of Dirac neutrino mass matrices and the three aspects of leptogenesis, unflavoured,
flavoured, and nonthermal. We found that the estimations of any models with are
consistent in all the three stages of calculations of leptogenesis and the results are better than the predictions of any models without which are consistent in a piecemeal
manner with the observational data in all the three stages of leptogenesis calculations.
For the normal hierarchy of TypeIA with charged lepton matrix, model with and without predicts inflaton mass required to produce the observed baryon asymmetry to
be GeV and GeV, and the corresponding reheating
temperatures are GeV and GeV respectively. These
predictions are not in conflict with the gravitino problem which required the reheating
temperature to be below GeV. And these values apply to the recent discovery of
Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV. One can also have the right order of relic dark matter
abundance only if the reheating temperature is bounded to below GeV.
Ng. K. Francis
Copyright © 2014 Ng. K. Francis. All rights reserved.

Massive Conformal Gravity
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 08:11:37 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/520259/
We construct a massive theory of gravity that is invariant under conformal transformations. The massive action of the theory depends on the metric tensor and a scalar field, which are considered the only field variables. We find the vacuum field equations of the theory and analyze its weakfield approximation and Newtonian limit.
F. F. Faria
Copyright © 2014 F. F. Faria. All rights reserved.

Minimal Length and the Existence of Some Infinitesimal Quantities in Quantum Theory and Gravity
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 06:56:02 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/195157/
It is demonstrated that provided a theory involves a minimal length, this theory must be free from such infinitesimal quantities as infinitely small variations in surface of the holographic screen, its volume, and entropy. The corresponding infinitesimal quantities in this case must be replaced by the “minimal variations possible”—finite quantities dependent on the existent energies. As a result, the initial lowenergy theory (quantum theory or general relativity) inevitably must be replaced by a minimal length theory that gives very close results but operates with absolutely other mathematical apparatus.
A. E. ShalytMargolin
Copyright © 2014 A. E. ShalytMargolin. All rights reserved.

Irreversible Thermodynamics of the Universe: Constraints from Planck Data
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 12:33:11 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/652962/
The present work deals with irreversible universal thermodynamics. The homogenous and isotropic flat model of the universe is chosen as open thermodynamical system and nonequilibrium thermodynamics comes into picture. For simplicity, entropy flow is considered only due to heat conduction. Further, due to MaxwellCattaneo modified Fourier law for nonequilibrium phenomenon, the temperature satisfies damped wave equation instead of heat conduction equation. Validity of generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSLT) has been investigated for universe bounded by apparent or event horizon with cosmic substratum as perfect fluid with constant or variable equation of state or interacting dark species. Finally, we have used three Planck data sets to constrain the thermal conductivity λ and the coupling parameter . These constraints must be satisfied in order for GSLT to hold for universe bounded by apparent or event horizons.
Subhajit Saha, Atreyee Biswas, and Subenoy Chakraborty
Copyright © 2014 Subhajit Saha et al. All rights reserved.

Interaction between Dark Matter and Dark Energy and the Cosmological Coincidence Problem
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 09:54:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/569702/
We consider a quintessence model of dark energy inspired by scalartensor theories of gravity where the scalar field is nonminimally coupled to gravity and dark matter. By considering exponential potential as selfinteraction potential, the stability and existence of the critical points are discussed in details. With nonminimally coupled dark sector with gravity, we obtain scaling solutions to address the coincidence problem by considering complex velocity for dark matter. The statefinder diagnostic shows that the equation of state reaches model in the future.
Kourosh Nozari, Noushin Behrouz, and Narges Rashidi
Copyright © 2014 Kourosh Nozari et al. All rights reserved.

Dirac Equation under Scalar and Vector Generalized Isotonic Oscillators and Cornell Tensor Interaction
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 11:40:33 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/831938/
Spin and pseudospin symmetries of Dirac equation are solved under scalar and vector generalized isotonic oscillators and Cornell potential as a tensor interaction for arbitrary quantum number via the analytical ansatz approach. The spectrum of the system is numerically reported for typical values of the potential parameters.
H. Hassanabadi, E. Maghsoodi, Akpan N. Ikot, and S. Zarrinkamar
Copyright © 2014 H. Hassanabadi et al. All rights reserved.

Galactic Halo Wormhole Solutions in Gravity
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 13:22:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/691497/
The proposal of galactic halo region is based on the idea that dark halos contain some characteristics needed to support traversable wormhole solutions. We explore wormhole solutions in this region in the framework of generalized teleparallel gravity. We consider static spherically symmetric wormhole spacetime with flat galactic rotational curves and obtain expressions of matter components for nondiagonal tetrad. The effective energymomentum tensor leads to the violation of energy conditions which may impose condition on the normal matter to satisfy these conditions. We take two wellknown models in exponential and logarithmic forms to discuss wormhole solutions as well as the equilibrium condition. It is concluded that wormhole solutions violating weak energy condition are obtained for both models with stable configuration.
M. Sharif and Shamaila Rani
Copyright © 2014 M. Sharif and Shamaila Rani. All rights reserved.

Chemical Evolution of Strongly Interacting QuarkGluon Plasma
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 14:00:25 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/952607/
At very initial stage of relativistic heavy ion collisions a wave of quarkgluon matter is produced from the breakup of the strong color electric field and then thermalizes at a short time scale (1 fm/c). However, the quarkgluon plasma (QGP) system is far out of chemical equilibrium, especially for the heavy quarks which are supposed to reach chemical equilibrium much late. In this paper a continuing quark production picture for strongly interacting QGP system is derived, using the quark number susceptibilities and the equation of state; both of them are from the results calculated by the WuppertalBudapest lattice QCD collaboration. We find that the densities of light quarks increase by 75% from the temperature MeV to MeV, while the density of strange quark annihilates by 18% in the temperature region. We also offer a discussion on how this late production of quarks affects the final chargecharge correlations.
YingHua Pan and WeiNing Zhang
Copyright © 2014 YingHua Pan and WeiNing Zhang. All rights reserved.

Perihelion Precession and Deflection of Light in the General Spherically Symmetric Spacetime
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 13:50:06 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/604321/
The perihelion precession and deflection of light have been investigated
in the 4dimensional general spherically symmetric spacetime, and the master
equation is obtained. As the application of this master equation, the ReissnerNordstormAdS solution and CliftonBarrow solution in gravity have been taken as examples. We find that both the electric charge and gravity
can affect the perihelion precession and deflection of light, while the cosmological
constant can only effect the perihelion precession. Moreover, we clarify a subtlety
in the deflection of light in the solar system that the possible sun’s electric charge
is usually used to interpret the gap between the experiment data and theoretical
result. However, after also considering the effect from the sun’s same electric charge
on the perihelion precession of Mercury, we can find that it is not the truth.
YaPeng Hu, Hongsheng Zhang, JunPeng Hou, and LiangZun Tang
Copyright © 2014 YaPeng Hu et al. All rights reserved.

Novel Quantum Encryption Algorithm Based on Multiqubit Quantum Shift Register and Hill Cipher
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 13:24:04 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/104325/
Based on a quantum shift register, a novel quantum block cryptographic algorithm
that can be used to encrypt classical messages is proposed. The message is encoded and decoded
by using a code generated by the quantum shift register. The security of this algorithm is
analysed in detail. It is shown that, in the quantum block cryptographic algorithm, two keys
can be used. One of them is the classical key that is used in the Hill cipher algorithm where
Alice and Bob use the authenticated Diffie Hellman key exchange algorithm using the concept
of digital signature for the authentication of the two communicating parties and so eliminate
the maninthemiddle attack. The other key is generated by the quantum shift register and
used for the coding of the encryption message, where Alice and Bob share the key by using
the BB84 protocol. The novel algorithm can prevent a quantum attack strategy as well as
a classical attack strategy. The problem of key management is discussed and circuits for the
encryption and the decryption are suggested.
Rifaat Zaidan Khalaf and Alharith Abdulkareem Abdullah
Copyright © 2014 Rifaat Zaidan Khalaf and Alharith Abdulkareem Abdullah. All rights reserved.

An Analytical Study of the Nonsinglet Spin Structure Function
Up to NLO in the DGLAP Approach at Small
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 12:47:23 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/379823/
A nexttoleading order QCD calculation of nonsinglet spin structure function at small is presented using the analytical methods: Lagrange’s method and method of characteristics.
The compatibility of these analytical approaches is tested by comparing the analytical solutions with the available polarized global fits.
Neelakshi N. K. Borah and D. K. Choudhury
Copyright © 2014 Neelakshi N. K. Borah and D. K. Choudhury. All rights reserved.

Equal Area Laws and Latent Heat for Dimensional RNAdS Black Hole
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 09:39:22 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2014/816728/
We study the equal area laws of dimensional RNAdS black hole. We choose two kinds of phase diagrams, and . We employ the equal area laws to find an isobar which is the real twophase coexistence line. Our calculation is much simpler to derive the critical value of the thermodynamic quantities. According to the thermodynamic quantities, we also study the latent heat of the black hole.
LiChun Zhang, HuiHua Zhao, Ren Zhao, and MengSen Ma
Copyright © 2014 LiChun Zhang et al. All rights reserved.