Advances in High Energy Physics
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The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation
© 2015 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved.

Geometrical Method for Thermal Instability of Nonlinearly Charged BTZ Black Holes
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 08:23:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/743086/
We consider threedimensional BTZ black holes with three models of nonlinear electrodynamics as source. Calculating heat capacity, we study the stability and phase transitions of these black holes. We show that Maxwell, logarithmic, and exponential theories yield only type one phase transition which is related to the root(s) of heat capacity, whereas, for correction form of nonlinear electrodynamics, heat capacity contains two roots and one divergence point. Next, we use geometrical approach for studying classical thermodynamical behavior of the system. We show that Weinhold and Ruppeiner metrics fail to provide fruitful results and the consequences of the Quevedo approach are not completely matched to the heat capacity results. Then, we employ a new metric for solving this problem. We show that this approach is successful and all divergencies of its Ricci scalar and phase transition points coincide. We also show that there is no phase transition for uncharged BTZ black holes.
Seyed Hossein Hendi, Shahram Panahiyan, and Behzad Eslam Panah
Copyright © 2015 Seyed Hossein Hendi et al. All rights reserved.

Energy and Momentum of Bianchi Type Universes
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 07:04:17 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/705262/
We obtain the energy and momentum of the Bianchi type universes using different prescriptions for the energymomentum complexes in the framework of general relativity. The energy and momentum of the Bianchi universes are found to be zero for the parameter of the metric. The vanishing of these results supports the conjecture of Tryon that the universe must have a zero net value for all conserved quantities. This also supports the work of Nathan Rosen with the RobertsonWalker metric. Moreover, it raises an interesting question: “Why is the case so special?”
S. K. Tripathy, B. Mishra, G. K. Pandey, A. K. Singh, T. Kumar, and S. S. Xulu
Copyright © 2015 S. K. Tripathy et al. All rights reserved.

Spin and Pseudospin Symmetry in Generalized ManningRosen Potential
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 11:17:22 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/915796/
Spin and pseudospin symmetric Dirac spinors and energy relations are obtained by solving the
Dirac equation with centrifugal term for a new suggested generalized ManningRosen potential
which includes the potentials describing the nuclear and molecular structures. To solve the Dirac
equation the NikiforovUvarov method is used and also applied the Pekeris approximation to the
centrifugal term. Energy eigenvalues for bound states are found numerically in the case of spin
and pseudospin symmetry. Besides, the data attained in the present study are compared with the
results obtained in the previous studies and it is seen that our data are consistent with the earlier
ones.
Hilmi Yanar and Ali Havare
Copyright © 2015 Hilmi Yanar and Ali Havare. All rights reserved.

Energy Conditions of BuiltIn Inflation Models in Gravitational Theories
Thu, 16 Jul 2015 05:54:27 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/687940/
We examine the validity of energy conditions of builtin inflation models in gravitational theories. For this purpose, we formulate the inequalities of energy conditions by assuming the flat and nonflat FriedmannRobertsonWalker (FRW) universe. We find the feasible constraints on the constants of integration and evaluate their possible ranges graphically for the consistency of these energy conditions for flat, closed, and open universes. We constrain the constants of integration for flat spacetime from the inflation epoch while the closed and open universe constants are constrained from late universe.
Gamal G. L. Nashed
Copyright © 2015 Gamal G. L. Nashed. All rights reserved.

Resonance and Associated Production at Future Higgs Boson Factory: ILC and CLIC
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 11:54:51 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/593898/
We study the prospects of the model with an additional boson to be a Higgs boson factory at highenergy and highluminosity linear electron positron colliders, such as the ILC and CLIC, through the Higgsstrahlung process , including both the resonant and the nonresonant effects. We evaluate the total cross section of and we calculate the total number of events for integrated luminosities of 500–2000 fb−1 and center of mass energies between 500 and 3000 GeV. We find that the total number of expected events can reach 106, which is a very optimistic scenario and it would be possible to perform precision measurements for both and Higgs boson in future highenergy colliders experiments.
A. GutiérrezRodríguez and M. A. HernándezRuíz
Copyright © 2015 A. GutiérrezRodríguez and M. A. HernándezRuíz. All rights reserved.

Vacuum Condensate, Geometric Phase, Unruh Effect, and Temperature Measurement
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 12:17:59 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/878043/
In our previous work the possibility to use the AharonovAnandan invariant as
a tool in the analysis of disparate systems has been shown, including Hawking and Unruh effects, as well as graphene
physics and thermal states. We show that the vacuum condensation, characterizing such systems, is
also related with geometric phases and we analyze the properties of the geometric phase of systems
represented by mixed state and undergoing a nonunitary evolution. In particular, we consider twolevel atoms accelerated by an external potential and interacting with a thermal state. We propose
the realization of MachZehnder interferometers which can prove the existence of the Unruh effect
and can allow very precise measurements of temperature.
Antonio Capolupo and Giuseppe Vitiello
Copyright © 2015 Antonio Capolupo and Giuseppe Vitiello. All rights reserved.

Beam Purity for Light Dark Matter Search in Beam Dump Experiments
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:42:50 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/105730/
This paper reviews the search for light dark matter in beam dump experiments with a special emphasis on the necessity of beam purity for precise background rejection at the sensitivities aimed at these experiments. As a case study we cite the P348 experiment which has test beam time in Fall 2015 at the SPS H4 beam line at CERN and aims to search for the gauge boson, , which as per one model of dark matter mediates a weak interaction between ordinary matter and dark matter via mixing of these “dark photons” with ordinary photon. The experiment aims to probe the still unexplored area of mixing strength and masses MeV by using 10–300 GeV electron beam from the CERN SPS. This paper presents the simulation results for rejection of background due to beam impurity, by tracking the incoming particles with Micromegas detectors at a level <.
D. Banerjee, P. Crivelli, and A. Rubbia
Copyright © 2015 D. Banerjee et al. All rights reserved.

On Productions of NetBaryons in Central AuAu Collisions at RHIC Energies
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 12:34:13 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/614090/
The transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of netbaryons (baryons minus antibaryons) produced in central goldgold (AuAu) collisions at 62.4 and 200 GeV are analyzed in the framework of a multisource thermal model. Each source in the model is described by the Tsallis statistics to extract the effective temperature and entropy index from the transverse momentum distribution. The two parameters are used as input to describe the rapidity distribution and to extract the rapidity shift and contribution ratio. Then, the four types of parameters are used to structure some scatter plots of the considered particles in some threedimensional (3D) spaces at the stage of kinetic freezeout, which are expected to show different characteristics for different particles and processes. The related methodology can be used in the analyses of particle production and event holography, which are useful for us to better understand the interacting mechanisms.
YaHui Chen, GuoXing Zhang, and FuHu Liu
Copyright © 2015 YaHui Chen et al. All rights reserved.

Virial Theorem for Nonrelativistic Quantum Fields in Spatial Dimensions
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 13:21:24 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/796275/
The virial theorem for nonrelativistic complex fields in spatial
dimensions and with arbitrary manybody potential is derived, using
pathintegral methods and scaling arguments recently developed to
analyze quantum anomalies in lowdimensional systems. The potential
appearance of a Jacobian due to a change of variables in the
pathintegral expression for the partition function of the system is
pointed out, although in order to make contact with the literature most
of the analysis deals with the case. The virial theorem is recast
into a form that displays the effect of microscopic scales on the
thermodynamics of the system. From the point of view of this paper the
case usually considered, , is not natural, and the generalization to
the case is briefly presented.
Chris L. Lin and Carlos R. Ordóñez
Copyright © 2015 Chris L. Lin and Carlos R. Ordóñez. All rights reserved.

Comparing Particle Productions at RHIC and LHC Energies
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 08:04:24 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/190908/
FuHu Liu, Sakina Fakhraddin, Edward SarkisyanGrinbaum, and Bhartendu K. Singh
Copyright © 2015 FuHu Liu et al. All rights reserved.

Noether Gauge Symmetry of Dirac Field in (2 + 1)Dimensional Gravity
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 14:08:25 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/567395/
We consider a gravitational theory including a Dirac field that is nonminimally coupled to gravity in 2 + 1 dimensions. Noether gauge symmetry approach can be used to fix the form of coupling function and the potential of the Dirac field and to obtain a constant of motion for the dynamical equations. In the context of (2 + 1)dimensional gravity, we investigate cosmological solutions of the field equations using these forms obtained by the existence of Noether gauge symmetry. In this picture, it is shown that, for the nonminimal coupling case, the cosmological solutions indicate both an earlytime inflation and latetime acceleration for the universe.
Ganim Gecim, Yusuf Kucukakca, and Yusuf Sucu
Copyright © 2015 Ganim Gecim et al. All rights reserved.

Production of Kaon and in NucleusNucleus Collisions at Ultrarelativistic Energy from a BlastWave Model
Sun, 14 Jun 2015 08:53:21 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/460590/
The particle production of Kaon and is studied in nucleusnucleus collisions at relativistic energy based on a chemical equilibrium blastwave model. The transverse momentum spectra of Kaon and at the kinetic freezeout stage from our model are in good agreement with the experimental results. The kinetic freezeout parameters of temperature and radial flow parameter are presented for the FOPI, RHIC, and LHC energies. And the resonance decay effect is also discussed. The systematic study for beam energy dependence of the strangeness particle production will help us to better understand the properties of the matter created in heavyion collisions at the kinetic freezeout stage.
S. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, J. H. Chen, and C. Zhong
Copyright © 2015 S. Zhang et al. All rights reserved.

Pion Transverse Momentum Spectrum, Elliptic Flow, and Interferometry in the Granular Source Model for RHIC and LHC Heavy Ion Collisions
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 13:29:39 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/846154/
We systematically investigate the pion transverse momentum spectrum, elliptic flow, and HanburyBrownTwiss (HBT) interferometry in the granular source model for the heavy ion collisions of AuAu at GeV and PbPb at TeV with different centralities. The granular source model can well reproduce the experimental results of the heavy ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We examine the parameters involved in the granular source model. The experimental data of the momentum spectrum, elliptic flow, and HBT radii for the two collision energies and different centralities impose very strict constraints on the model parameters. They exhibit certain regularities for collision centrality and energy. The spacetime structure and expansion velocities of the granular sources for the heavy ion collisions at the RHIC and LHC energies with different centralities are investigated.
Jing Yang, YanYu Ren, and WeiNing Zhang
Copyright © 2015 Jing Yang et al. All rights reserved.

Recognizing Critical Behavior amidst Minijets at the Large Hadron Collider
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 09:39:07 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/526908/
The transition from quarks to hadrons in a heavyion collision at high energy is usually studied in two different contexts that involve very different transverse scales: local and nonlocal. Models that are concerned with the spectra and azimuthal anisotropy belong to the former, that is, hadronization at a local point in space, such as the recombination model. The nonlocal problem has to do with quarkhadron phase transition where collective behavior through nearneighbor interaction can generate patterns of varying sizes in the space. The two types of problems are put together in this paper both as brief reviews separately and to discuss how they are related to each other. In particular, we ask how minijets produced at LHC can affect the investigation of multiplicity fluctuations as signals of critical behavior. It is suggested that the existing data from LHC have sufficient multiplicities in small intervals to make the observation of distinctive features of clustering of soft particles, as well as voids, feasible that characterize the critical behavior at phase transition from quarks to hadrons, without any ambiguity posed by the clustering of jet particles.
Rudolph C. Hwa
Copyright © 2015 Rudolph C. Hwa. All rights reserved.

The Unified Hydrodynamics and the Pseudorapidity Distributions in Heavy Ion Collisions at BNLRHIC and CERNLHC Energies
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 07:03:54 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/430606/
The charged particles produced in nucleusnucleus collisions are divided into two parts. One is from the hot and dense matter created in collisions. The other is from leading particles. The hot and dense matter is assumed to expand according to unified hydrodynamics and freezes out into charged particles from a spacelike hypersurface with a fixed proper time of . The leading particles are conventionally taken as the particles which inherit the quantum numbers of colliding nucleons and carry off most of incident energy. The rapidity distributions of the charged particles from these two parts are formulated analytically, and a comparison is made between the theoretical results and the experimental measurements performed in AuAu and PbPb collisions at the respective BNLRHIC and CERNLHC energies. The theoretical results are well consistent with experimental data.
Z. J. Jiang, J. Wang, K. Ma, and H. L. Zhang
Copyright © 2015 Z. J. Jiang et al. All rights reserved.

Transverse Momentum Spectra of and at Midrapidity in + Au, Cu + Cu, and Collisions at GeV
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 17:06:15 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/684950/
We analyze transverse momentum spectra of and at midrapidity in + Au, Cu + Cu, and collisions at GeV in the formworks of Tsallis statistics and Boltzmann statistics, respectively. Both of them can describe the transverse momentum spectra and extract the thermodynamics parameters of matter evolution in the collisions. The parameters are helpful for us to understand the thermodynamics factors of the particle production.
BaoChun Li, GuoXing Zhang, and YuanYuan Guo
Copyright © 2015 BaoChun Li et al. All rights reserved.

Properties of Full Jet in HighEnergy HeavyIon Collisions from Parton Scatterings
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 14:26:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/967474/
The properties of fully reconstructed jet are investigated in p + p and Pb + Pb collisions at = 2.76 TeV within a multiphase transport (AMPT) model with both partonic scatterings and hadronic rescatterings. A large transverse momentum () asymmetry of dijet or photonjet arises from the strong interactions between jet and partonic matter. The dependent jet fragmentation function in Pb + Pb collisions is decomposed into two contributions from different jet hadronization mechanisms, that is, fragmentation versus coalescence. The medium modification of differential jet shape displays that the jet energy is redistributed towards a larger radius owing to jetmedium interactions in heavyion collisions. Jet triangular azimuthal anisotropy coefficient, , which shows a smaller magnitude than the elliptic coefficient , decreases more quickly with increasing jet , which can be attributed to a pathlength effect of jet energy loss. All of these properties of full jet are consistent with the jet energy loss mechanism in a stronglyinteracting partonic matter in highenergy heavyion collisions.
GuoLiang Ma and MaoWu Nie
Copyright © 2015 GuoLiang Ma and MaoWu Nie. All rights reserved.

Azimuthally Integrated HBT Parameters for Charged Pions in NucleusNucleus Interactions versus Collision Energy
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 13:34:01 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/790646/
The energy dependence of spatiotemporal characteristics of particle emission region is studied for charged pions produced in nuclear collisions. No dramatic change is observed for the HBT parameters with increasing of the centerofmass (c.m.) energy per nucleonnucleon pair, , for of a few GeV to a few TeV. The emission duration is obtained to be almost independent of the c.m. energy within the measurement uncertainties. The analytic function is suggested for a smooth approximation of the energy dependence of the main HBT parameters. The fits demonstrate reasonable agreement with the experimental data. Predictions are made for future LHC and FCC experiments.
V. A. Okorokov
Copyright © 2015 V. A. Okorokov. All rights reserved.

FreezeOut Parameters in HeavyIon Collisions at AGS, SPS, RHIC, and LHC Energies
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 13:33:17 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/349013/
We review the chemical and kinetic freezeout conditions in high energy heavyion collisions for AGS, SPS, RHIC, and LHC energies. Chemical freezeout parameters are obtained using produced particle yields in central collisions while the corresponding kinetic freezeout parameters are obtained using transverse momentum distributions of produced particles. For chemical freezeout, different freezeout scenarios are discussed such as single and double/flavor dependent freezeout surfaces. Kinetic freezeout parameters are obtained by doing hydrodynamic inspired blast wave fit to the transverse momentum distributions. The beam energy and centrality dependence of transverse energy per charged particle multiplicity are studied to address the constant energy per particle freezeout criteria in heavyion collisions.
Sandeep Chatterjee, Sabita Das, Lokesh Kumar, D. Mishra, Bedangadas Mohanty, Raghunath Sahoo, and Natasha Sharma
Copyright © 2015 Sandeep Chatterjee et al. All rights reserved.

A Review on ϕ Meson Production in HeavyIon Collision
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 13:30:19 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/197930/
The main aim of the relativistic heavyion experiment is to create extremely hot and dense matter and study the QCD phase structure. With this motivation, experimental program started in the early 1990s at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) and the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) followed by Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven and recently at Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. These experiments allowed us to study the QCD matter from centerofmass energies () 4.75 GeV to 2.76 TeV. The ϕ meson, due to its unique properties, is considered as a good probe to study the QCD matter created in relativistic collisions. In this paper we present a review on the measurements of ϕ meson production in heavyion experiments. Mainly, we discuss the energy dependence of ϕ meson invariant yield and the production mechanism, strangeness enhancement, parton energy loss, and partonic collectivity in nucleusnucleus collisions. Effect of later stage hadronic rescattering on elliptic flow () of proton is also discussed relative to corresponding effect on ϕ meson .
Md. Nasim, Vipul Bairathi, Mukesh Kumar Sharma, Bedangadas Mohanty, and Anju Bhasin
Copyright © 2015 Md. Nasim et al. All rights reserved.

The Profile of Inelastic Collisions from Elastic Scattering Data
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 12:24:57 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/912743/
Using the unitarity relation in combination with experimental data about the elastic scattering in the diffraction cone, it is shown how the shape and the darkness of the inelastic interaction region of colliding protons change with increase of their energies. In particular, the collisions become fully absorptive at small impact parameters at LHC energies that results in some special features of inelastic processes. Possible evolution of this shape with the dark core at the LHC to the fully transparent one at higher energies is discussed that implies that the terminology of the black disk would be replaced by the black toroid. The approach to asymptotics is disputed. The ratio of the real to imaginary parts of the nonforward elastic scattering amplitude is briefly discussed.
All the conclusions are only obtained in the framework of the indubitable unitarity condition using experimental data about the elastic scattering of protons in the diffraction cone without any reference to quantum chromodynamics (QCD) or phenomenological approaches.
I. M. Dremin
Copyright © 2015 I. M. Dremin. All rights reserved.

Energy Dependence of Slope Parameter in Elastic NucleonNucleon Scattering
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 11:20:29 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/914170/
The diffraction slope parameter is investigated for elastic protonproton and protonantiproton scattering based on all the available experimental data at low and intermediate momentum transfer values. Energy dependence of the elastic diffraction slope is approximated by various analytic functions. The expanded “standard” logarithmic approximations with minimum number of free parameters allow description of the experimental slopes in all the available energy range reasonably. The estimations of asymptotic shrinkage parameter are obtained for various domains based on all the available experimental data. Various approximations differ from each other both in the low energy and very high energy domains. Predictions for diffraction slope parameter are obtained for elastic protonproton scattering from NICA up to future collider (FCC/VLHC) energies, for protonantiproton elastic reaction in FAIR energy domain for various approximation functions.
V. A. Okorokov
Copyright © 2015 V. A. Okorokov. All rights reserved.

Exact Solution of the Curved Dirac Equation in Polar Coordinates: Master Function Approach
Sun, 31 May 2015 16:42:45 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/612757/
We show that the () curved Dirac equation in polar coordinates can be transformed into Schrodingerlike differential equation for upper spinor component. We compare this equation with the Schrodinger equation derived from shape invariance property of second order differential equations of mathematical physics. This formalism enables us to determine the electrostatic potential and relativistic energy in terms of master function and corresponding weight function. We also obtain the spinor wave function in terms of orthogonal polynomials.
H. Panahi and L. Jahangiri
Copyright © 2015 H. Panahi and L. Jahangiri. All rights reserved.

Bianchi TypeV Bulk Viscous Cosmic String in Gravity with Time Varying Deceleration Parameter
Sun, 31 May 2015 09:16:17 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/491403/
We study the Bianchi typeV string cosmological model with bulk viscosity in theory of gravity by considering a special form and linearly varying deceleration parameter. This is an extension of the earlier work of Naidu et al., 2013, where they have constructed the model by considering a constant deceleration parameter. Here we find that the cosmic strings do not survive in both models. In addition we study some physical and kinematical properties of both models. We observe that in one of our models these properties are identical to the model obtained by Naidu et al., 2013, and in the other model the behavior of these parameters is different.
Bïnaya K. Bishi and K. L. Mahanta
Copyright © 2015 Bïnaya K. Bishi and K. L. Mahanta. All rights reserved.

Effects of the Variation of SUSY Breaking Scale on Yukawa and Gauge Couplings Unification
Sun, 31 May 2015 08:07:33 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/652029/
The present analysis addresses an interesting primary question on how do the gauge and Yukawa couplings unification scales vary with varying SUSY breaking scales , assuming a single scale for all supersymmetric particles. It is observed that the gauge coupling unification scale increases with whereas thirdgeneration Yukawa couplings unification scale decreases with . The rising of the unification scale and also the mass of the color triplet multiplets is necessary to increase the proton decay lifetime; the analysis is carried out with twoloop RGEs for the gauge and Yukawa couplings within the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) model, while ignoring for simplicity the threshold effects of the heavy particles, which could be as large as a few percentages.
Konsam Sashikanta Singh and N. Nimai Singh
Copyright © 2015 Konsam Sashikanta Singh and N. Nimai Singh. All rights reserved.

Spherically Symmetric Geometries in and Gravitational Theories
Thu, 28 May 2015 07:40:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/821519/
Using the well know relation between Ricci scalar, , and torsion scalar, , that is, , we show that, for any spherically symmetric spacetime whose (i) scalar torsion vanishing, that is, or (ii) total derivative term, that is, with is the contraction of the torsion, vanishing, or (iii) the combination of scalar torsion and total derivative term vanishing, could be solution for and gravitational theories.
Gamal G. L. Nashed
Copyright © 2015 Gamal G. L. Nashed. All rights reserved.

Form Factor Near the Mass Shell
Wed, 27 May 2015 11:22:40 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/656239/
The generalized WardTakahashi identity (gWTI) in the pion sector for broken isotopic symmetry is derived and used for the modelindependent calculation of the longitudinal form factor of the vector vertex. The onshell is found to be proportional to the mass difference of the pions and the difference between the vector isospin and scalar isospin pion radii. A numerical estimate of the form factor yields a value two times higher than the previous estimate from the quark model. Offshell form factors are known to be ambiguous because of the gauge dependence and the freedom in the parameterization of the fields. The nearmassshell appears to be an exception, allowing for experimental verification of the consequences of the gWTI. We calculate the nearmassshell using the gWTI and dispersion techniques. The results are discussed in the context of the conservation of vector current (CVC) hypothesis.
M. I. Krivoruchenko
Copyright © 2015 M. I. Krivoruchenko. All rights reserved.

Similarity Solution for Free Convection Flow of a Micropolar Fluid under Convective Boundary Condition via Lie Scaling Group Transformations
Wed, 27 May 2015 06:11:29 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/650813/
The free convective
flow of an incompressible micropolar
fluid along permeable vertical
plate under the convective boundary condition is investigated. The Lie scaling group of
transformations is applied to get the similarity representation for the system of partial differential equations and then the resulting systems of equations are solved using spectral quasilinearisation method. A quantitative comparison of the numerical results is made
with previously published results for special cases and the results are found to be in good
agreement. The results of the physical parameters on the developments of
flow, temperature,
concentration, skinfriction, wall couple stress, heat transfer, and mass transfer characteristics
along vertical plate are given and the salient features are discussed.
Ch. RamReddy, T. Pradeepa, and D. Srinivasacharya
Copyright © 2015 Ch. RamReddy et al. All rights reserved.

Discovery Potential for the Neutral CharmoniumLike by Annihilation
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:59:39 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/918231/
Inspired by the observation of charmoniumlike , we explore the discovery potential of the neutral production by antiprotonproton annihilation with an effective Lagrangian approach. By investigating the process including the signal and background contributions, it is found that the center of mass energy ≃ 4.0–4.5 GeV is the best energy window for searching the neutral , where the signal can be clearly distinguished from background. The relevant calculations not only are helpful to search for the neutral in the future experiment but also will promote the understanding of the nature and production mechanism of neutral better.
XiaoYun Wang and XuRong Chen
Copyright © 2015 XiaoYun Wang and XuRong Chen. All rights reserved.

QuasiNormal Modes: The “Electrons” of Black Holes as “Gravitational Atoms”? Implications for the Black Hole Information Puzzle
Tue, 19 May 2015 10:14:28 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2015/867601/
Some recent important results on black hole (BH) quantum physics concerning the BH effective state and the natural correspondence between Hawking radiation and BH quasinormal modes (QNMs) are reviewed, clarified, and refined. Such a correspondence permits one to naturally interpret QNMs as quantum levels in a semiclassical model. This is a model of BH somewhat similar to the historical semiclassical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. In a certain sense, QNMs represent the “electron” which jumps from a level to another one and the absolute values of the QNMs frequencies, “triggered” by emissions (Hawking radiation) and absorption of particles, represent the energy “shells” of the “gravitational hydrogen atom.” Important consequences on the BH information puzzle are discussed. In fact, it is shown that the time evolution of this “Bohrlike BH model” obeys a time dependent Schrödinger equation which permits the final BH state to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one. Thus, information comes out in BH evaporation in agreement with the assumption by ’t Hooft that Schröedinger equations can be used universally for all dynamics in the universe. We also show that, in addition, our approach solves the entanglement problem connected with the information paradox.
Christian Corda
Copyright © 2015 Christian Corda. All rights reserved.