183853.fig.001a
(a)
183853.fig.001b
(b)
183853.fig.001c
(c)
183853.fig.001d
(d)
Figure 1: Experimental setup: (a) position of the vertical plate on the railway car, (b) front side of the model, (c) back side of the model without insulating layer, and (d) thermocouple locations on the plate. Aluminium plate, heating unit, insulating layer, liquid reservoir, liquid distributor, liquid film, liquid collector, plexiglass wall, electronic balance, valves, fabric, and thermocouple position.