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Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 190518, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/190518
Research Article

Utilization of Bio-Oil for Cooking and Lighting

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh
2Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4701, Australia
3Central Queensland University, Brisbane, QLD 4701, Australia

Received 7 April 2012; Accepted 18 June 2012

Academic Editor: Hyung Hee Cho

Copyright © 2012 P. K. Halder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Among the available alternative sources of energy in Bangladesh bio-oil is recognized to be a promising alternative energy source. Bio-oil can be extracted by pyrolysis as well as expelling or solvent extraction method. In these days bio-oil is merely used in vehicles and power plants after some up gradation .However, it is not used for domestic purposes like cooking and lighting due to its high density and viscosity. This paper outlines the design of a gravity stove to use high dense and viscous bio-oil for cooking purpose. For this, Pongamia pinnata (karanj) oil extracted by solvent extraction method is used as fuel fed under gravity force. Efficiency of gravity stove with high dense and viscous bio-oil (karanj) is 11.81% which of kerosene stove is 17.80% also the discharge of karanj oil through gravity stove is sufficient for continuous burning. Thus, bio-oil can be effective replacement of kerosene for domestic purposes.