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Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 316806, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/316806
Research Article

The Utilization of Waste Date Seed as Bio-Oil and Activated Carbon by Pyrolysis Process

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University ITB, Brunei Darussalam

Received 22 March 2011; Revised 26 September 2011; Accepted 3 October 2011

Academic Editor: Hyung Hee Cho

Copyright © 2012 Mohammad Uzzal Hossain Joardder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The renovation of biomass waste in the form of date seed waste into activated carbon and biofuel by fixed bed pyrolysis reactor has been focused in this study to obtain gaseous, liquid, and solid products. The date seed in particle form is pyrolysed in an externally heated fixed bed reactor with nitrogen as the carrier gas. The reactor is heated from 400°C to 600°C. A maximum liquid yield of 50 wt.% and char of 30 wt.% are obtained at a reactor bed temperature of 500°C with a running time of 120 minutes. The oil is found to possess favorable flash point and reasonable density and viscosity. The higher calorific value is found to be 28.636 MJ/kg which is significantly higher than other biomass derived. Decolonization of 85–97% is recorded for the textile effluent and 75–90% for the tannery effluent, in all cases decreasing with temperature increase. Good adsorption capacity of the prepared activated carbon in case of diluted textile and tannery effluent was found.