413583.fig.001a
(a)
413583.fig.001b
(b)
413583.fig.001c
(c)
Figure 1: 3D model, FE model with applied boundary conditions; (a) Gasketed joint with raised face, (b) Gasketed joint without raised face, (c) Nongasketed flange joint. (SS indicates symmetry boundary conditions for the other half of the joint.