415632.fig.0013a
(a)
415632.fig.0013b
(b)
415632.fig.0013c
(c)
415632.fig.0013d
(d)
Figure 13: Precipitation “wet-dry” (mm; shaded) and statistical significance (95%; white contour lines) for GPCC4 (a), ERA40 (b), and HIRHAM (c). Precipitation-Evaporation (P-E) “wet-dry” (mm; shaded) and vertical velocity (ω) at 500 hPa “wet-dry” (hPa/h; black contour lines) for HIRHAM (d); summer monsoon (JJAS) 1958–2001. White dots in (d) show areas with positive anomalies in both P-E and ω.