- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 939171, 16 pages
Global Modeling of the Oceanic Source of Organic Aerosols
1Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, 71003, Heraklion, Greece
2Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027, Ispra, Italy
3NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY 10025, USA
4Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
5Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, 54110, Ioannina, Greece
6LSCE, CNRS/CEA, 91190, Gif sur Yvette, France
7Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, CNR, 40129, Bologna, Italy
8School of Physics and Environmental Change Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
9Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), P.O. Box 201, 3730 AE, De Bilt, The Netherlands
Received 16 February 2010; Revised 11 May 2010; Accepted 15 June 2010
Academic Editor: Nicholas Meskhidze
Copyright © 2010 Stelios Myriokefalitakis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- M. Kanakidou, J. H. Seinfeld, S. N. Pandis et al., “Organic aerosol and global climate modelling: a review,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1053–1123, 2005.
- U. Pöschl, “Atmospheric aerosols: composition, transformation, climate and health effects,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 44, no. 46, pp. 7520–7540, 2005.
- S. Fuzzi, M. O. Andreae, B. J. Huebert et al., “Critical assessment of the current state of scientific knowledge, terminology, and research needs concerning the role of organic aerosols in the atmosphere, climate, and global change,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 2017–2038, 2006.
- S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, et al., “Summary for policymakers,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007, http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-spm.pdf.
- R. A. Duce, P. S. Liss, J. T. Merrill, et al., “The atmospheric input of trace species to the World ocean,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 193–259, 1991.
- C. D. O'Dowd, M. C. Facchini, F. Cavalli et al., “Biogenically driven organic contribution to marine aerosol,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7009, pp. 676–680, 2004.
- M. C. Facchini, M. Rinaldi, S. Decesari et al., “Primary submicron marine aerosol dominated by insoluble organic colloids and aggregates,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, no. 17, Article ID L17814, 2008.
- C. D. O'Dowd, B. Langmann, S. Varghese, C. Scannell, D. Ceburnis, and M. C. Facchini, “A combined organic-inorganic sea-spray source function,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, no. 1, Article ID L01801, 2008.
- B. Bonsang, M. Kanakidou, G. Lambert, and P. Monfray, “The marine source of C2-C6 aliphatic hydrocarbons,” Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 1-2, pp. 3–20, 1988.
- M. Kanakidou, B. Bonsang, J. C. Le Roulley, G. Lambert, D. Martin, and G. Sennequier, “Marine source of atmospheric acetylene,” Nature, vol. 333, no. 6168, pp. 51–52, 1988.
- A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, D. Amouroux et al., “A global database of sea surface dimethylsulfide (DMS) measurements and a procedure to predict sea surface DMS as a function of latitude, longitude, and month,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 399–444, 1999.
- B. Bonsang, C. Polle, and G. Lambert, “Evidence for marine production of isoprene,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1129–1132, 1992.
- S. R. Arnold, D. V. Spracklen, J. Williams et al., “Evaluation of the global oceanic isoprene source and its impacts on marine organic carbon aerosol,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1253–1262, 2009.
- W. J. Broadgate, G. Malin, F. C. Küpper, A. Thompson, and P. S. Liss, “Isoprene and other non-methane hydrocarbons from seaweeds: a source of reactive hydrocarbons to the atmosphere,” Marine Chemistry, vol. 88, no. 1-2, pp. 61–73, 2004.
- N. Yassaa, I. Peeken, E. Zllner et al., “Evidence for marine production of monoterpenes,” Environmental Chemistry, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 391–401, 2008.
- R. J. Charlson, J. E. Lovelock, M. O. Andreae, and S. G. Warren, “Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate,” Nature, vol. 326, no. 6114, pp. 655–661, 1987.
- G. P. Ayers and J. L. Gras, “Seasonal relationship between cloud condensation nuclei and aerosol methanesulphonate in marine air,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6347, pp. 834–835, 1991.
- I. Barnes, J. Hjorth, and N. Mihalapoulos, “Dimethyl sulfide and dimethyl sulfoxide and their oxidation in the atmosphere,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 940–975, 2006.
- S. M. Vallina, R. Simó, and S. Gassó, “What controls CCN seasonality in the Southern Ocean? A statistical analysis based on satellite-derived chlorophyll and CCN and model-estimated OH radical and rainfall,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 20, no. 1, Article ID GB1014, 2006.
- B. Gantt, N. Meskhidze, and D. Kamykowski, “A new physically-based quantification of isoprene and primary organic aerosol emissions from the world's oceans,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 2933–2965, 2009.
- M. Claeys, B. Graham, G. Vas et al., “Formation of secondary organic aerosols through photooxidation of isoprene,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5661, pp. 1173–1176, 2004.
- D. K. Henze and J. H. Seinfeld, “Global secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 33, no. 9, Article ID L09812, 2006.
- H.-J. Lim, A. G. Carlton, and B. J. Turpin, “Isoprene forms secondary organic aerosol through cloud processing: model simulations,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 4441–4446, 2005.
- B. Ervens, A. G. Carlton, B. J. Turpin, K. E. Altieri, S. M. Kreidenweis, and G. Feingold, “Secondary organic aerosol yields from cloud-processing of isoprene oxidation products,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, no. 2, Article ID L02816, 2008.
- A. Guenther, T. Karl, P. Harley, C. Wiedinmyer, P. I. Palmer, and C. Geron, “Estimates of global terrestrial isoprene emissions using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature),” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 3181–3210, 2006.
- E. Liakakou, M. Vrekoussis, B. Bonsang, Ch. Donousis, M. Kanakidou, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Isoprene above the Eastern Mediterranean: seasonal variation and contribution to the oxidation capacity of the atmosphere,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1002–1010, 2007.
- P. I. Palmer and S. L. Shaw, “Quantifying global marine isoprene fluxes using MODIS chlorophyll observations,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 9, Article ID L09805, 5 pages, 2005.
- K. Tsigaridis and M. Kanakidou, “Global modelling of secondary organic aerosol in the troposphere: a sensitivity analysis,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1849–1869, 2003.
- K. Tsigaridis and M. Kanakidou, “Secondary organic aerosol importance in the future atmosphere,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 22, pp. 4682–4692, 2007.
- N. Meskhidze and A. Nenes, “Phytoplankton and cloudiness in the southern ocean,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5804, pp. 1419–1423, 2006.
- B. Langmann, C. Scannell, and C. O'Dowd, “New directions: organic matter contribution to marine aerosols and cloud condensation nuclei,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 33, pp. 7821–7822, 2008.
- G. J. Roelofs, “A GCM study of organic matter in marine aerosol and its potential contribution to cloud drop activation,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 709–719, 2008.
- D. V. Spracklen, S. R. Arnold, J. Sciare, K. S. Carslaw, and C. Pio, “Globally significant oceanic source of organic carbon aerosol,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, no. 12, Article ID L12811, 2008.
- E. Vignati, M. C. Facchini, M. Rinaldi et al., “Global scale emission and distribution of sea-spray aerosol: sea-salt and organic enrichment,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 670–677, 2010.
- S. Myriokefalitakis, M. Vrekoussis, K. Tsigaridis et al., “The influence of natural and anthropogenic secondary sources on the glyoxal global distribution,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 16, pp. 4965–4981, 2008.
- K. Tsigaridis, M. Krol, F. J. Dentener et al., “Change in global aerosol composition since preindustrial times,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 5143–5162, 2006.
- C. Granier, A. Guenther, J. F. Lamarque, et al., “POET, a database of surface emissions of ozone precursors,” 2005, http://www.aero.jussieu.fr/projet/ACCENT/POET.php.
- G. R. van der Werf, J. T. Randerson, L. Giglio, G. J. Collatz, P. S. Kasibhatla, and A. F. Arellano Jr., “Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 3423–3441, 2006.
- S. L. Gong, “A parameterization of sea-salt aerosol source function for sub- and super-micron particles,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 8–1, 2003.
- F. Dentener, S. Kinne, T. Bond et al., “Emissions of primary aerosol and precursor gases in the years 2000 and 1750 prescribed data-sets for AeroCom,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 4321–4344, 2006.
- J. Sciare, O. Favez, R. Sarda-Estève, K. Oikonomou, H. Cachier, and V. Kazan, “Long-term observations of carbonaceous aerosols in the Austral Ocean atmosphere: evidence of a biogenic marine organic source,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 114, no. 15, Article ID D15302, 2009.
- N. Mihalopoulos, unpublished.
- E. Koulouri, S. Saarikoski, C. Theodosi et al., “Chemical composition and sources of fine and coarse aerosol particles in the Eastern Mediterranean,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 26, pp. 6542–6550, 2008.
- C. A. Pio, M. Legrand, T. Oliveira et al., “Climatology of aerosol composition (organic versus inorganic) at nonurban sites on a west-east transect across Europe,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 112, no. 23, Article ID D23S02, 2007.
- P. Liss and L. Merlivat, “Air-sea gas exchange rates: introduction and synthesis,” in The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling, P. Buat-Menard, Ed., pp. 113–127, D. Reidel, Norwell, Mass, USA, 1986.
- J. G. Acker and G. Leptoukh, “Online analysis enhances use of NASA Earth Science Data,” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 14–17, 2007.
- W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton et al., “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1250–1265, 1998.
- M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman et al., “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 442–458, 2003.
- S. W. Gibb, R. F. C. Mantoura, and P. S. Liss, “Ocean-atmosphere exchange and atmospheric speciation of ammonia and methylamines in the region of the NW Arabian Sea,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 161–178, 1999.
- A. F. Bouwman, D. S. Lee, W. A. H. Asman, F. J. Dentener, K. W. van der Hoek, and J. G. J. Olivier, “A global high-resolution emission inventory for ammonia,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 561–587, 1997.
- W. F. Cooke, C. Liousse, H. Cachier, and J. Feichter, “Construction of a fossil fuel emission data set for carbonaceous aerosol and implementation and radiative impact in the ECHAM4 model,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 104, no. D18, pp. 22137–22162, 1999.
- M. C. Facchini, S. Decesari, M. Rinaldi et al., “Important source of marine secondary organic aerosol from biogenic amines,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 24, pp. 9116–9121, 2008.
- S. M. Murphy, A. Sorooshian, J. H. Kroll et al., “Secondary aerosol formation from atmospheric reactions of aliphatic amines,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 2313–2337, 2007.
- N. Mihalopoulos, V. M. Kerminen, M. Kanakidou, H. Berresheim, and J. Sciare, “Formation of particulate sulfur species (sulfate and methanesulfonate) during summer over the Eastern Mediterranean: a modelling approach,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 32, pp. 6860–6871, 2007.
- T. E. Lane, N. M. Donahue, and S. N. Pandis, “Simulating secondary organic aerosol formation using the volatility basis-set approach in a chemical transport model,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 32, pp. 7439–7451, 2008.
- A. C. Lewis, M. J. Evans, J. Methven et al., “Chemical composition observed over the mid-Atlantic and the detection of pollution signatures far from source regions,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 112, no. 10, Article ID D10S39, 2007.
- J. R. Hopkins, I. D. Jones, A. C. Lewis, J. B. McQuaid, and P. W. Seakins, “Non-methane hydrocarbons in the Arctic boundary layer,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 3217–3229, 2002.
- S. Matsunaga, M. Mochida, T. Saito, and K. Kawamura, “In situ measurement of isoprene in the marine air and surface seawater from the western North Pacific,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 36, no. 39-40, pp. 6051–6057, 2002.
- A. Colomb, V. Gros, S. Alvain et al., “Variation of atmospheric volatile organic compounds over the Southern Indian Ocean (30–),” Environmental Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 70–82, 2009.
- Y. Yokouchi, H.-J. Li, T. Machida, S. Aoki, and H. Akimoto, “Isoprene in the marine boundary layer (Southeast Asian Sea, eastern Indian Ocean, and Southern Ocean): comparison with dimethyl sulfide and bromoform,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 104, no. 7, pp. 8067–8076, 1999.
- P. J. Milne, D. D. Riemer, R. G. Zika, and L. E. Brand, “Measurement of vertical distribution of isoprene in surface seawater, its chemical fate, and its emission from several phytoplankton monocultures,” Marine Chemistry, vol. 48, no. 3-4, pp. 237–244, 1995.
- A. A. Presto, K. E. Huff-Hartz, and N. M. Donahue, “Secondary organic aerosol production from terpene ozonolysis. 2. Effect of NOx concentration,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 18, pp. 7046–7054, 2005.
- C. Song, K. Na, and D. R. Cocker III, “Impact of the hydrocarbon to ratio on secondary organic aerosol formation,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 3143–3149, 2005.
- R. Atkinson, R. A. Perry, and J. N. Pitts Jr., “Rate constants for the reactions of the OH radical with , and over the temperature range 298–426°K,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 1850–1853, 1977.
- T. Kurtén, V. Loukonen, H. Vehkamäki, and M. Kulmala, “Amines are likely to enhance neutral and ion-induced sulfuric acid-water nucleation in the atmosphere more effectively than ammonia,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 14, pp. 4095–4103, 2008.
- R. Q. Sander, “Compilation of Henry's Law Constants for Inorganic and Organic Species of Potential Importance in Environmental Chemistry, Version 3,” April 1999, http://www.mpch-mainz.mpg.de/~sander/res/henry.html.
- A. Asa-Awuku, G. J. Engelhart, B. H. Lee, S. N. Pandis, and A. Nenes, “Relating CCN activity, volatility, and droplet growth kinetics of β-caryophyllene secondary organic aerosol,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 795–812, 2009.
- G. Luo and F. Yu, “A numerical evaluation of global oceanic emissions of α-pinene and isoprene,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 2007–2015, 2010.