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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 351350, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/351350
Research Article

Water Budget on Various Land Use Areas Using NARR Reanalysis Data in Florida

Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA

Received 10 August 2011; Revised 30 October 2011; Accepted 19 December 2011

Academic Editor: Klaus Dethloff

Copyright © 2011 Chi-Han Cheng and Fidelia Nnadi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

1992 to 2002 data from North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) were used to investigate water budget on five land use areas: urban, forest, agriculture, lake, and wetland in the state of Florida, USA. The data were evaluated based on the anomalies of rainfall, evaporation, and soil moisture from the average condition. The anomalies were used to investigate the effect of extreme conditions on water budget parameters for various land uses in both northeast and south of Florida. The results showed that extreme events such as La Niña strongly affected the water budget on land-use areas in both regions as the negative monthly rainfall anomalies were observed during the 1999-2000 event, while EI Niño and thunderstorms in summer caused positive rainfall anomalies with more than 70% in all study areas. Higher rainfall led to higher soil moisture anomalies for the agriculture, forest, and wetland from 1992 to May 1998 in both study regions. However, soil moisture becomes primary source for evaporation in drier conditions, and differences in capacity of plants access water, often dictated by the rooting depth, can result in contrasting evaporative losses across vegetation types. Hence, the forest, which had the deeper roots, had lower soil moisture anomalies, but higher evaporation anomalies than agriculture area during the drought event.