Table 1: Simulations options used in the study.

SimulationMicrophysicsSurface layerLand surfacePlanetaryCumulusExperimental category
boundary layerparameterization

1LinEtaNoahMYJKain-FritschDefault case
2LinQNSENoahMYJKain-FritschExperiment with surface layer
3LinEtaRUC (6)MYJKain-FritschExperiment with LSM
4LinMM5NoahYSUKain-FritschExperiment with surface layer/PBL
5LinEtaNoahQNSEKain-FritschExperiment with PBL
6EtaEtaNoahMYJKain-FritschExperiment with microphysics
7LinPleimPleimACM2Kain-FritschExperiment with surface layer/LSM/PBL
8WSM 6EtaNoahMYJKain-FritschExperiment with microphysics
9LinEtaNoahMYJGrell-3dExperiment with cumulus parameterization