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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 203682, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/203682
Research Article

Self-Organized Criticality of Rainfall in Central China

College of Mathematics and Informatics, North China University of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power, 36 Beihuan Road, Henan, Zhengzhou 450011, China

Received 13 June 2012; Revised 28 August 2012; Accepted 16 September 2012

Academic Editor: Harry D. Kambezidis

Copyright © 2012 Zhiliang Wang and Chunyan Huang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rainfall is a complexity dynamics process. In this paper, our objective is to find the evidence of self-organized criticality (SOC) for rain datasets in China by employing the theory and method of SOC. For this reason, we analyzed the long-term rain records of five meteorological stations in Henan, a central province of China. Three concepts, that is, rain duration, drought duration, accumulated rain amount, are proposed to characterize these rain events processes. We investigate their dynamics property by using scale invariant and found that the long-term rain processes in central China indeed exhibit the feature of self-organized criticality. The proposed theory and method may be suitable to analyze other datasets from different climate zones in China.